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HOSA 3rd 9 weeks
Terms in this set (97)
What do you not do while shaving a patient?
Shave opposite the direction of hair growth
A pulse is described as regular or irregular by its
A pulse rate over 100 beats per minute, except in children, is
80 kilograms = _________ pounds
The position used for circulatory shock is
A technique used during a physical examination in which the Physician taps and listens for sounds coming from various body organs is
What position is used to examine the head, neck, and chest; and the head of bed is elevated to a 45° angle
What position would be appropriate for a patient experiencing dyspnea?
77" is equivalent to ________ (ft)
What diagnostic tool is used to test for defects in distant vision?
What is the name of the instrument used to assess the eye?
When weighing an ambulatory patient, how should the patient stand on the scale?
Facing the scale
Constant pressure in the walls of the arteries is _____
Difficult breathing with a high-pitched whistling or sign sound during expiration is _________
An adult with a HR > 100 bpm is experiencing ________
What time is consistent with a RR < 12 in adults?
Cheyne-Stokes respiration describes _______
Periods of apnea and dyspnea
What supplies and/or PPE would a patient care technician need to check the temperature on a 6 month old patient?
Thermometer with rectal probe, lubricant, and gloves
What is the normal adult heart rate?
What is the normal adult respiratory rate?
What is the normal heart rate and children under the age of 7?
What is the normal heart rate in children over the age of 7?
What is the normal respiratory rate in children?
Patient with 20/40 vision can read...
Letters 40 mL tall from 20 feet away
How do you correctly measure a patient pulse pressure?
Systolic blood pressure (-) diastolic blood pressure
What cardiovascular condition is characterized by pain with exertion?
How often should catheter care be performed?
q8h or sooner prn
What is the most significant risk associated with a urinary catheter?
What is the potential medical diagnosis for a patient who experiences gradually increasing dyspnea, anxiety, and edema of the feet and ankles?
Congestive heart failure
Which of the following medications would be administered to a patient experiencing a MI to aid in preventing further clotting of the blood?
What drug combination is used to treat chest pain associated with a MI?
Morphine and nitroglycerin
Cardiac arrhythmia is a result of:
Disruption of the cardiac conduction cycle
What term is used to describe a patient who has lost consciousness?
What is the term used to describe the diameter of an artery?
Which of the following medications would be most appropriate for a patient with CHF?
A key component of a diagnosis of angina pectoris is...
Chest pain upon exertion
What do you not do when shaving a patient
Shave opposite the direction of hair growth
What is the correct temperature for the water used for a bed bath?
105-110 degrees F
When performing a bed bath, which body parts should be washed first
What actions should you take during a complete bed bath for a patient that is immobile
Wash the cleanest area first and the dirtiest area last
Assess the patient's skin and ability to tolerate the bath during the procedure
(Both b and c)
You are preparing to bathe a patient with an IV in the right arm. Which arm should you take out of the gown first?
What is the safest method to transfer a non-weight bearing patient from the bed to the wheelchair?
You are bathing a patient and realize their toenails need to be cut. What is the most appropriate action in reference to addressing the need?
Notify the RN so that the patients MD can be consulted regarding the need
What patients MUST use an electric razor when the PCT shaved them?
Patients taking anticoagulants to prevent blood clots
What should a PCT do if they notice an abnormality in the appearance of a patient's urine when emptying the urine collection unit of the catheter?
Retain the urine and notify the RN for further instructions
When transferring a patient from a bed to a wheelchair, how do you correctly position the wheelchair and assist the patient into the wheelchair if the patient has a weakness in the left leg?
Position the wheelchair on the patient's right side and let them pivot off of the right leg
You the PCT are changing a patient's gown with a broken left arm... how do you correctly remove and replace the garment?
Remove right arm first then left arm. Reapply left arm first then right arm
In what types of patients would a back rub/massage after their bed bath be contraindicated?
Patients with coronary artery disease
Which schedule would cover drugs with the highest abuse potential?
Which schedule would include drugs produced illegally?
Which agency is responsible for approval of drugs and the removal of unsafe medications form the market?
what is not considered safe handling of controlled substances?
Presigned prescription pads
Controlled substances can be identified by a C and a schedule number everywhere EXCEPT
On the pill
The common name assigned to a new drug that begins with a lower-case letter is called the
Generic and trade name drugs may differ in all EXCEPT
Drugs that can be purchased without a prescription are known as
If a drug reference indicates that a drug is to be used with caution in patients with hypertension, it would of be _________
Given to patients with hypertension with close monitoring of their response to the medication
What term is used to define a medication produced in a laboratory setting?
Factors that affect absorption of a drug does NOT include
Color of the drug
Drugs may be distributed through all of the following media EXCEPT
Drugs are most often excreted through ______
Which organ is primarily responsible for the metabolic process of pharmacokinetics?
Cumulative effects may be the result of all of the following EXCEPT
What parenteral drug is the most rapid acting?
A physical defect in a fetus that occurs as a result of maternal drug administration is a _______
A common side effect if Benadryl is drowsiness... however, children often experience the opposite effect and become very hyper and/or agitated. This type of response can be described as _______
A patient experiencing nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea related to taking a medication is experiencing a(an)
Side effect of the medication
Which route of administration is the easiest but slowest in regards to onset of medication effects?
As a health care provider caring for an elderly patient with decreased renal function, what would be the most appropriate action in reference to monitoring and/or preventing symptoms of drug toxicity?
D) all of the above
(Sorry I'm not typing all that out)
__________ is the act of puncturing a vein yo obtain a sample of blood
What is the correct PPE when performing venipuncture on a patient diagnosed with the flu?
Gloves and mask
What is the preferred site when performing venipuncture?
Median cubital vein
What product is most often used to clean the skin before performing a phlebotomy procedure?
70% isopropyl alcohol
Based on the correct order of draw, which tube is filled first during a phlebotomy procedure?
Which endocrine hormone stimulates the testes to secrete testosterone?
__________ regulate the reabsorption of sodium in the kidney and elimination of potassium
Which hormone stimulates contraction of the uterus during childbirth?
Which of the following correctly describes the proper location for the urine drainage bag connected to a urinary catheter?
Attached to the frame of the bed
Which of the following must be documented in the patient's record specific to the insertion of a urinate catheter?
Type and size urinary catheter
The physiological changes that take place within the body as a result of a medication
Drug affect that is distributed to widespread areas of the body regardless of where it is administered
The process by which a drug is eliminated from the body
The process by which a drug gets into the bloodstream
Drug effect that is confined to the area of the body where it was applied or administered
The process by which the drug moves from the bloodstream into the tissues and fluids of the body
Cellular changes that take place in the body as a result of medication
The chemical and physical alterations that substances undergo in the body
The action of two drugs working together in which one helps another simultaneously for an effect that neither one could produce alone
The dose required to keep the drug blood level at a steady state in order to achieve the desired effect
The opposing action of two drugs in which one decreases or cancels out the effect of the other drug
The dose that causes death
The largest amount of a drug that will produce a therapeutic effect without producing symptoms of toxicity
Initial high dose used to quickly elevate the level of a drug in the blood
The action of two drugs in which one prolongs or multiplies the effect of the other?
The amount of a drug that will produce harmful side effects or symptoms of poisoning
The smallest amount of a drug that will produce a desired effect
An inactive substance that resembles a medication although no drug is present
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