The Byzantine Empire
Terms in this set (63)
Greece, Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt and more
What modern day countries made up the Byzantine Empire?
Who was one of the leaders of the Byzantine Empire that helped in its revival of Roman glory & fame?
roughly 40 years
How long did Emperor Justinian rule?
collection of laws that formed the basis for Byzantine law under Emperor Justinian
What was the Justinian Code?
useful Roman laws
What was the Code?
summary of Roman legal opinions
What was the Digest?
guide for law students
What was the Institutes?
laws passed after 534 AD
What was the Novellae?
people should be ruled by laws rather than the whims of leaders
The Justinian Code preserved which Roman idea about laws?
Who was Justinian's wife?
Who was the general of the Byzantine army?
passes laws that benefit women more; divorce laws benefit women more; christian women could own property equal to value of dowry
What did Justinian do as a result of his wife
money or goods a wife brought to the marriage
What is a dowry?
What rebellion threatened to overthrow Justinian?
During the Nika Revolt, where did Justinian want to flee to?
Who convinced Justinian to stay and fight the Nika Revolt?
Who led the troops in the defeat of the Nika Revolt?
Former Roman lands; Germanic tribes
What did Belisarius gain as a result of his conquests and who did he gain it from?
Under which emperor's rule did the Byzantine Empire reach its maximum size?
All-powerful emperor; strong central government
What type of emperor ran the Byzantine Empire? What type of government?
How did emperors create alliances with foreign powers?
What was the capital of the Byzantine Empire?
It was located directly where Europe meets Asia, therefore it controlled the trade
Why was Constantinople's location beneficial?
Sea of Marmara
What sea lies directly south of Constantinople?
What body of water lies directly to the east of Constantinople?
What body of water lies directly to the north of Constantinople?
What Byzantine weapon, when sprayed or thrown on an enemy ship, would burst into flames?
Soldiers, government officials, large public buildings
What were the imperial taxes used toward?
A holy picture of Jesus, the Virgin Mary, or a saint
People who believed that having icons in the church was the same as worshipping idols
No married priests allowed; veneration accepted; Pope was supreme authority over church; Holy Spirit combines Father and Son
What were the views of the Roman Catholic Church regarding the clergy, icons, leadership, and Trinity?
married priests allowed; veneration disallowed, later accepted; patriarch was supreme authority over church; Father supreme in Trinity
What were the views of the Eastern Orthodox Church regarding the clergy, icons, leadership, and Trinity?
Debate between opponents and defenders of icons in church
Emperor Leo III
Which emperor ordered the destruction of all idols in 726 AD?
some people were illiterate
Why did some people want icons in the church?
What did the bishops and Pope decide after their meeting in 787 AD?
Opinion that conflicts with official church beliefs
An official edict that bars a person from church membership
Ruling or decision
Religious ceremonies such as: a baptism, communion, and last rites
religious ceremony in which holy water is poured over a person's head, generally a baby's, to signify their entrance into Christianity
religious ceremony in which one eats a wafer, to signify the body of Jesus, and drinks wine, to signify the blood of Jesus; this symbolizes their acceptance of Jesus into their body and life
religious ceremony in which a priest places a blessing over a person right before they die
The church split
As a result of the Iconoclastic Controversy, what event took place in 1054 AD?
a person who tries to convince other to change their religion
What was the name of the alphabet created by Cyril and Methodius?
a picture or design made from small pieces of enamel, glass, or stone
Its location on the wall or dome
What was the most important part of an image in a church?
Finished in 537 AD, this magnificent church was built under the rule of Justinian.
It was the first building to put a round dome on top of a rectangle building
What was so unique about the Hagia Sophia?
180 ft high by 108 ft wide
What are the dimensions of the Hagia Sophia?
What group of nomadic people captured Asia Minor in the 1000s AD?
Who delivered the final attack to the Byzantine Empire?
Christian art and architecture; vigorous Greek culture; ability to come back from disaster
Name 3 things that the Byzantine Empire was known for.
Byzantium, New Rome, Constantinople
What were 3 names that the capital of the Byzantine Empire was called?
Megarans; 7th Century BC
Who were the first settlers of the Byzantine Empire, and when did they settle?
What was the name of the leader of the Megarans that the name "Byzantium" derived from?
3 sides of water
What was one positive about Constantinople's location?
Wall surrounding entire empire; Wall of Constantine; Wall of Theodosius
What did Constantinople have to protect it from land attacks?
Emperor who Never Sleeps
What nickname was given to Justinian?
What was the name of the racetrack that was the origin of the Nika Revolt?
What destroys empires?
What do the Ottoman Turks capture in 1453?