World War I - US History

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Nationalism
When the nation becomes the primary recipient of political loyalty
Militarism
Believing warfare is a solution to all problems.
Brinkmanship
Going to the edge of war over every disagreement.
No man's land
In WWI, the unoccupied region between opposing armies.
War of Attrition
Warfare fought by weakening or exhausting the opposing side in an effort to force surrender.
Neutrality
When a nation refuses to take sides in a war.
Lusitania
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat in 1915.
Zimmerman Note
German telegram that suggested Mexico invade the U.S.
Doughboys
An informal term for an American soldier during WWI.
Selective Service Act (1917)
Requires men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service.
Conscientious Objectors
A person who refuses, on moral grounds, to participate in warfare.
19th Amendment
Amendment that gives women the right to vote.
Armistice
A truce or agreement to end an armed conflict. WWI's went into effect on 11/11/1918.
Big Four
Name for the key leaders in the peace effort following WWI, includes Clemenceau of France, Lloyd George of Britain, Wilson of the U.S. and Orlando of Italy.
Fourteen Points
President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I.
League of Nations
An association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
War Guilt Clause
Section of the Treaty of Versailles in which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for World War I.
Reparations
The compensation paid by a defeated nation for the damage or injury it inflicted during a war.