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Medsurg 2 Test 3
Terms in this set (23)
defined as an injury to the ligament structures surrounding a joint
Sprains are usually caused by?
wrenching and twisting motions
1st degree (mild) sprain is when
tearing of a few fibers occur
2nd degree (moderate) sprain us when
partial tearing, more swelling and tenderness occurs
3rd degree (severe) is when
there is a complete tear of the ligament
Signs of a sprain are
-may be able to palpate a gap in the joint
Where are the most common areas of sprains
- ankle and wrists
Ligaments connect ______ to ______.
bone to bone
A strain is
excessive stretching of a muscle and the facial sheath, often involving the tendon
1st degree strain is
mild or slightly pulled muscle
2nd degree strain is
moderately torn muscle
3rd degree strain is
severely ruptured or torn muscle
Strains present with what symptoms
pain, edema, decreased ability to function, bruising!!
Avulsion fracture is when
the ligament pulls loose and a fragment of the bone
Hemarthrosis is when
there is bleeding into the joint cavity due to a sprain or strain
What can occur if a joint becomes unstable
it can dislocate
Both mild sprains and strains are usually?
self limiting with full function in 3-6 weeks
What does the treatment RICE- A stand for
Rest and limit usage
How long should ice be left on for and how should it be applied?
Apply an ace bandage, then apply ice for 15-20min, wrap with an ace bandage. Then remove for 15-20min
How long do you have to wait after an injury (sprain or strain) to apply heat and limited use?
48 hours after injury
Strains are associated with which one ligaments or tendons?
Sprains are associated with which one ligaments or tendons?
To decrease swelling of a sprain what should be done?
-Raise the effective limb above the heart
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