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15 terms

Ch 14 - The Presidency

STUDY
PLAY
divided government
one party controls the white house and another party controls one or both house of congress
unified government
the same party controls the white house and both houses of congress
gridlock
the inability of the government to act because of rival parties control different parts of the government
electoral college
the people chosen for each state's votes in an election, each state can cast votes for one senator and representative it has
pyramid structure
a president's subordinates report to him through a clear chain of command headed by a chief of staff
circular structure
several of the president's assistants report directly to him
ad hoc structure
several subordinates, cabinet officers, and committees report directly to the president on different matters
bully pulpit
the president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public
veto message
a message from the president to Congress stating that he will not sign a bill it has passed. Must be produced within ten days of the bill's passage
pocket veto
a bill fails to become a law because the president did not sign it within ten days before congress adjourns
line-item veto
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
legislative veto
the authority of congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. the supreme court has held that congress does not have this power
impeachment
charges against a president approved by a majority of the house of representatives
lame duck
a person still in office after he or she has lost a bid for reelection
trial balloon
letting out an anonymous idea to see a reaction