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20 terms

Sociology Ch 10 Voc

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anomie
Durkheim's term for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behavior
contradictory class location
Erik Wright's term for a position in the class structure that generates contradictory interests
culture of poverty
assumption that values and behaviors of the poor are fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty, and parents perpetuate across generations by passing these characteristics to their children
deferred gratification
forgoing something in the present in the hope of achieving greater gains in the future
exchange mobility
about the same numbers of people moving up and down the social class ladder, such that, on balance, the social class system shows little change
feminization of poverty
trend in US poverty where most poor families are headed by women
Horatio Alger myth
the belief that due to limitless possibilities anyone can get ahead if he or she tries hard enough
income
money received from a job, business, or assets
intergenerational mobility
the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
poverty line
the official measure of poverty; calculated to include those whose incomes are less than three times a low-cost food budget
power
the ability to get your way despite the desires of other people
power elite
C. Wright Mills' term for the top people in US corporations, military, and politics who make the nation's major decisions
social class
according to Weber, a large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, power and prestige; according to Marx, one of two groups: capitalists who own the means of production or workers who sell their labor
status
social ranking
status consistency
ranking high or low on all three dimensions of social class
status inconsistency (or status discrepancy)
ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others
structural mobility
movement up or down the social class ladder that is attributable to changes in the structure of society, not to individual efforts
underclass
a group of people for whom poverty persists year after year and across generations
upward social mobility
movement up the social class ladder
wealth
property and income