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World Religions Test 1 (de Prada)
Terms in this set (42)
Australian Aborigines Ancestors
believed that the ancestors gave shape to the landscape and created various forms of life including the first human beings.
A spider which is a mediator between the supernatural and natural worlds. Stories about Iktomi are about mistakes and errors of judgement (moral lessons)
Aztec god of sun and war
Toltec deity and feathered serpent. He presided over the golden age of cultural brilliance and was worshipped in the great city of Teotihuacan
means Great Spirit or Great Mysterious but the literal meaning is most sacred. The mother of all spirits wielding power over everything on earth.
What do primal religions tend to be traditions of:
a. tribal people
b. non-literate peoples
Indigenous religious traditions tend to belong to tribal people. They also tend on non-literate people because they originate from them because they do not depend on scriptures or written languages, they depend on oral material.
Improvement of the tribe but also features long periods of dancing while facing the sun, surrounded by music and drumbeats.
Do all religious traditions emphasize the seven dimensions of religion equally?
All religious traditions emphasize the seven dimensions of religion equally.
the transmission of the divine will or knowledge to human beings, typically through myths or some form of religious experience
Belief in one God
Purification rituals for the Plain Indians
They undergo the purification ritual in a sweat lodge, which is used to represent the universe and purify the individual (spiritually and physically) through profuse sweating caused by steamed rocks.
Aztec king and believed that a Spanish leader was Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl, the long-lost priest-king of the Toltecs
what anyone could learn from religion that enhances his or her own life without converting to that religion of believing foreign theology
beliefs about the divine, afterlife, angels, devils, etc.
Challenge of studying world religions for those who are religious. (Chapter 1)
It's part of peoples everyday lives and poses challenges. It's difficult because to adequately informed about one's community and part of the challenge is understanding
7 dimensions of religion. Provide concrete examples of 3 of those dimensions. (Chapter 1)
experiential, mythic, doctrinal, ethical, ritual, social, and material. Myths set forth patterns of rituals or sacred stories. Doctrines are creeds. Rituals are reenact a myth or sacred story.
What are the 4 reasons given by the Church, as to why we are asked to study world religions? List and explain what challenges lie ahead for you as a faithful youth? (Chapter 1)
Master one of the primal religions in terms of at least 5 areas of examination.
What modern countries are considered to be part of Mesoamerica?
most of present-day Mexico and extended southward to present-day Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica
Do religions offer responses to fundamental questions concerning human existence?
human beings have the capacity to question fundamental things as the source and the meaning of their existence
Belief in many gods
the study of religion
experience of the divine or holy presence, sometimes involving intellectual belief and sometimes emphasizing personal trust
a dimension of religion that deals with how we are to act while living in the world
embodiment of a god on earth
the understanding of the nature of the universe
the belief that the divine reality exists in everything
a supernatural being, like a god or goddess, which is
worshipped by people who believe it controls or exerts force over some aspect of the world
formal worship practice, often based on the reenactment of a myth
is the means for an individual to gain access to spiritual power that will ensure greater success for a specific activity
spirits who traveled in a form creating land and giving life but also they are creatures that manifest themselves in the natural world.
The Aztecs would used cosmology as a view on life, perspective of human life, and tier human sacrifice rituals all connected back to their intense study of cosmology. The Yoruba's would used cosmology to depict reality as being divided into 2 worlds: heaven and earth.
What are the basic dimensions of a religious tradition? (Chapter 1)
doctrines, sacred stories, and rituals
Are religion and science totally contradictory? Why?
Yes because some religions express such interest though support of scientific inquiry and theories regarding the natural world while other tend to be suspicious of science.
What did the Aztecs believe in terms of the fifth sun?
The Aztecs believed that Teotihuacan, an great city that rose before the Toltec, actually created the sun they actually believed that the present sun is actually the fifth. The four suns before came with different ages, each destroyed. They believe the same will happen with this sun.
What is the Sun Dance ritual about? Who presides it?
The sun dance is a ritual that has to do with the improvement of the tribe but through human mutilation. The sacred leader presides over the Sun Dance (usually a medicine man, but sometimes a woman).
Who is the supreme god in the Yoruba religion?
Olorun, he is the original source of power in the universe
What are the Orishas?
lesser deities that work as middle men between Olorun and humans
Who supervises the vision quest?
The medicine man or woman who will give out instructions and interpret the vision
Do both boys and girls undergo initiation rituals in Aboriginal religions?
No, only the boys that become men undergo the initiation ritual
Do all religions provide answers to the questions of where we are ultimately going?
All religions provide answers to the question of where we are ultimately going.
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