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History of Recording Industry II
Terms in this set (15)
Frantic, intense, exhibits a definite country influencse but with more pronounced R&B feel.
Honky Tonk Music
*Contributed to the emergence of Rock and Roll.
*Also known as "hard country"
or " drinkin' and cheatin' music"
Cicumstances that contributed to the rise of independent labels
-Wartime rationing of shellac, major labels drop "race music" and country artist
-Postwar economic recovery, more mney for teens and African Americans
Blind Lemon Jefferson
East Texas, Black Snake Blues, best selling in 1920s, traveled to Chicago
Henry "H.C." Speir
-"discovers" Charley Patton and Tommy Johnson
-As important to blues as Sam Phillips was to rock and roll
J. Mayo "Ink" Williams
-"Discovery" of Blind Lemon Jefferson
-Would start the short-lived Black Patti record label
-The most romanticized of the delta blues figures, also (arguably) the most mysterious.
-Myth that he sold his soul to the devil for immense talent
- 42 recordings in San Antonio (Gunter Hotel 1936) and Dallas (Brunswick Records Building 1937)
- 1920 records "Crazy Blue", start of the "classic blues" ear
"The Singing Brakeman". started out in vaudeville. seen as wordly, opposite of Carter Family. Known for his "blue yodel". Considered country's (then hillbilly's) first true star
-King of Western Swing
-Wills and the Texas Playboys early success on the radio play KVOO, Tulsa OK
-Songs built on an old fiddle tunes with elements from big band swing.
-More than anyone symbolizes the transition from the relative smoothness of swing to more raucous R&B
-Signed to Decca in 1934 with his band, the Tympani 5
-19 hits for Decca
Use of the boogie shuffle, "jump blues"
-experimented/invented electric guitar
-Fender Telecaster (1950)
-Crucial figure in the development of the electric guitar
-Innovator of overdubbing, multi-track recording, and tape delay
-Successful recording career with wife Betty Ford
Leonard and Phil Chess
-Buy Aristocrat Records and rename it Chess Records
-By 1950, Chess becomes the most important label recording urban, electric blues
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