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20 terms

AP English Literature and Composition Terms

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Anastrophe
transposition of normal word order; most often found in Latin in the case of prepositions and the words they control (form of hyperbaton)
Antimetabole
reversing the order of repeated words or phrases (chiastic structure AB-BA) to intensify the final formulation, to present alternatives, or to show contrast
Ad Hominem
in an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man"
Aporia
expression of doubt (often feigned) by which a speaker appears uncertain of what he should think, say, or do
Archaism
use of an older or obsolete form
Asyndeton
lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words
Catachresis
a harsh metaphor involving the use of a word beyond its strict sphere
Colloquial
the use of slang in writing, often to create local color and to provide an informal tone
Diacope
repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase
Didactic
From the Greek, didactic writing means "teaching." Didactic works have the primary aim of teaching or instructing especially ethical or moral principles
Epanalepsis
Repeats the beginning word of a clause or sentence at the end
Euphemism
a more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable; also often used to obscure reality of a situation
Hendiadys
use of two words connected by a conjunction, instead of subordinating one to the other, to express a single complex idea
Hypophora
consists of raising one or more questions and then proceeding to answer them, usually at some length
Parataxis
writing successive independent clauses, with coordinating conjunctions or no conjunctions
Litotes
understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed (meiosis)
Pendantic
term used to describe writing that borders on lecturing; it is scholarly or academic and often overly difficult and distant
Pleonasm
use of superfluous or redundant language, often enriching the thought
Sententia
quoting a maxim or wise saying to apply a general truth to the situation; concluding or summing foregoing material by offering a single statement of general wisdom
Syllogism
the format of a formal argument; consists of a major premise, minor premise, and a conclusion.