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chapter 8 clinical terms related to the muscular system

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contracture
condition of great resistance to the stretch of a muscle
convulsion
series of involuntary contractions of various voluntary muscles
electromyography
technique for recording electrical changes in muscle tissues
fibrillation
spontaneous contractions of individual muscle fibers, producing rapid and uncoordinated activity within a muscle
fibrosis
degenerative disease in which fibrous connective tissue replaces skeletal muscle tissue
fibrositis
inflammation of fibrous connective tissues, especially in the muscle fascia. This disease is also called muscular rheumatism
muscular dystrophies
group of inherited disorders in which deficiency of dystrophin or associated glycoproteins collapses muscle cells, leading to progressive loss of function
myalgia
pain from any muscular disease or disorder
myasthenia gravis
chronic disease in which muscles are weak and easily fatigued because of malfunctioning neuromuscular junctions
myokymia
persistent quivering of a muscle
myology
study of muscles
myoma
tumor composed of muscle tissue
myopathy
any muscular disease
myositis
inflammation of skeletal muscle tissue
myotomy
cutting of muscle tissue
myotonia
prolonged muscular spasm
paralysis
loss of ability to move a body part
paresis
partial or slight paralysis of muscles
shin splints
soreness of the front of the leg due to straining the anterior leg muscles, often a result of walking up and down hills
torticollis
condition in which the neck muscles, such as hte sternocleidomastoids, contract involuntarily. it is more commonly called wryneck.