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USH Regents Prep - General
General Content for the USHG Regents Exam
Terms in this set (45)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII
1968 and 1972; Republican; Vietnam: advocated "Vietnamization" (replace US troops with Vietnamese), but also bombed Cambodia/Laos, created a "credibility gap," Paris Peace Accords ended direct US involvement; economy-took US off gold standard (currency valued by strength of economy); created the Environmental Protection Agency, was president during first moon landing; SALT I and new policy of detente between US and Soviet Union; Watergate scandal: became first and only president to resign
President of the United States (1913-1921) - major policies include: 14 points of peace, US declaration of war in World War 1, unable to persuade the U.S. Congress to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or join the League of Nations.
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal
1961-1963, Democrat, both parties had the platform of civil rights planks and a national health program, participated in the Space Race with Soviet Union, Cuban Missile Crisis and Bay of Pigs Invasion, assassinated
LBJ's Great Society
goals = elimination of poverty - failed because of Vietnam war and radical injustice; new major spending programs - education and Vietnam war; easier transportation; medical care
LBJ and Vietnam
The Gulf of Tonkin incident was widely believed to be staged, giving LBJ bad PR over Vietnam from the beginning. He sent large amounts of US troops to Vietnam because he did not want to be seen as going too soft on communism. He is also criticized for his "blank check" given to him by congress, allowing him to do almost whatever he wanted in Vietnam. The killing of innocent civilizations and the widely-hated draft also led to LBJ's PR downfall.
16th president of the United States; helped preserve the United States by leading the defeat of the secessionist Confederacy; an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery.
time at the turn of the 20th century in which groups sought to reform America economically, socially, and politically, big changes include Meat Inspection Act, Women's Suffrage, Tenement Housing Act, Federal Reserve Banking system, Sherman Anti Trust act
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
During the 1930s, the combination of the Great Depression and the memory of tragic losses in World War I contributed to pushing American public opinion and policy toward isolationism. Isolationists advocated non-involvement in European and Asian conflicts and non-entanglement in international politics.
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
Interstate Commerce Act
1887 law passed to regulate railroad and other interstate businesses
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional - established for SCOTUS by Marbury v. Madison
4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents (WW2)
a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution, including things like freedom of speech, etc.
Populist party formed in 1892 by members of the Farmer's Alliance, this party was designed to appeal to workers in all parts of the country. Populists favored a larger role of government in American Society, a progressive income tax, and more direct methods of democracy.
Prohibition (18th amendment)
(18th Amendment) illegal to manufacture, distribute, or possess any type of alcoholic beverage (distilled spirits). The Noble Experiment. Opened the door for organized crime (Al Capone), bootleggers and smuggling, undone by the 21st amendment
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Supreme Court case that decided US Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in federal territories and slaves, as private property, could not be taken away without due process - basically slaves would remain slaves in non-slave states and slaves could not sue because they were not citizens
Manifest Destiny (1845)
Stated that the US was destined to expand to the Pacific Ocean
an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
first elected president in 1980 and elected again in 1984. He ran on a campaign based on the common man and "populist" ideas. He served as governor of California from 1966-1974, and he participated in the McCarthy Communist scare. Iran released hostages on his Inauguration Day in 1980. While president, he developed Reagannomics, the trickle down effect of government incentives. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War. He was also responsible for the Iran-contra Affair which bought hostages with guns.
(1829-1833) and (1833-1837), Indian removal act, nullification crisis, Old Hickory," first southern/ western president," President for the common man," pet banks, spoils system, trail of tears
Dwight D. Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School
A group of investigative reporters who pointed out the abuses of big business and the corruption of urban politics; included Frank Norris (The Octopus) Ida Tarbell (A history of the standard oil company) Lincoln Steffens (the shame of the cities) and Upton Sinclair (The Jungle)
1898 war that began when the United States demanded Cuba's independence from Spain, prior to the war bombing of USS Maine, end of war US became owner of colonies (Guam, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Philippines)
Laws written to separate blacks and whites in public areas/meant African Americans had unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, and government
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1920s; arrested (1920), tried and executed (1927) for a robbery/murder, they were believed by many to have been innocent but convicted because of their immigrant status and radical political beliefs.
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
leading figures in the women's rights movement
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
A policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
A drought in the 1930s that turned the Great Planes very dry.
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
an English policy of relaxing the enforcement of regulations in its colonies in return for the colonies' continued economic loyalty
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