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Chapter 14 Using Visual Aids
Terms in this set (62)
Drawings, photographs, graphs, and videos are examples of
In which of the following scenarios should speakers consider using a model?
When the object they want to discuss is too small for the class to see.
When the object they want to discuss is unavailable for use.
When the object they want to discuss is too large to transpor
While preparing for a speech to his geology class, Kyle came across a useful illustration of the layers of the Earth in a book he found in the library. Kyle brought the book to class to use during his speech, holding it up as he discussed the topic of stratification. What is wrong with this scenario?
The illustration is too small to be helpfu
If there are too many categories of statistics to present clearly on a graph, what is the next best option?
In which of the following ways can a video do more harm than good in a speech?
A video longer than 30 seconds can distract the audience
A video that is not cued up can cause an unwanted pause
A low-resolution video might be blurry when projected
Tara gave a speech on aviation technology and decided to bring a model of a passenger airplane with her to help illustrate some of the concepts she discussed. In this scenario, Tara used
An illustrator is giving a speech to an art class on her technique for drawing some of her most well-known characters. Which of the following would be the most effective form of visual aid?
Denise was giving a speech on dental care and wanted to show the class proper technique. In order to give them a three-dimensional view, her best choice would be
large-scale model of a mouth
Barry wanted to explain to his audience the various types of nautical flags. His best option for a visual aid to illustrate his ideas would be
photographs of the flags in use.
When deciding whether to use a chart as a visual aid, you should remember that charts
should not contain too much information
help present blocks of information
should be uncluttered.
Which of the following are examples of commonly used presentation technologies?
Terrence gave a speech on the Apollo 11 space mission and decided to show a 5-minute video clip of the launch and of moon landing in the middle of the speech to help illustrate his ideas. However, by the end of the clip the class seemed distracted and bored. What mistake did Terrence make?
His video clip should be shorter than 30 seconds.
What is the primary problem with Prezi and similar presentation programs?
Visual effects distract from the content of the speech.
When speakers decide to use themselves as a visual aid, they should take special care to make sure their movements
Match their words
Which of the following are steps to keep in mind when creating a visual aid using presentation technology?
Decide where the visual aid works best
Figure out which information needs to be highlighted
Bryce wanted to use a drawing of a map to highlight important places to visit in Fiji. What should he remember when preparing his visual aid?
To make it large enough that people can see
To keep the drawing simple
When preparing a presentation using presentation technology, you should do which of the following?
Keep the slides fairly simple
Use limited amounts of text
Use fonts that are easily read
Which of the following is the primary benefit of using presentation technology to display visual aids?
You can incorporate multiple types of visual aids into your speech
True or false: It is best to wait until the day of your presentation to prepare visual aids so that you can adapt them to the final version of your speech
To what does the phrase "Death by PowerPoint" refer?
The tendency of speakers to read through boring and poorly designed visual aids as if they were a manuscript
Which of the following should be the intended uses of presentation technologies?
Enhancing your message
Clarifying and strengthening ideas
Dominique wants to discuss various types of money used in the 1700s. She has several coins at home she can bring to show her audience. What is the best way for Dominique to effectively incorporate the coins into her speech?
Taking photos of the coins and projecting them with presentation technology
Terry is giving a speech to a mechanics class on the two-stroke engine. To illustrate his point, Terry brought a three-inch model of an off-road motorcycle, which he held up during his discussion of common two-stroke vehicles. Which guideline for preparing effective visual aids did he violate?
Make sure visual aids are large enough.
Which of the following is a requirement for visual aids to be effective?
Incorporate visuals smoothly into the rest of the speech
Which of the following is a tendency that makes visual aids less effective?
Including too much information.
When preparing a visual aid using technology for your speech, it is best to
avoid making it too fancy or too plain
For his speech on diabetes, Benny wanted to show objects that some diabetic people use on a daily basis, including a syringe, a bottle of glucose, and a glucose measuring stick. Which one of the following would be the most effective way to display these objects
Bringing in large photographs of the small objects
When preparing visual ads, you should do which of the following?
Prepare them in advance
Make them large enough
Keep them simple
Howie was preparing a speech to his classmates about his recent trip to China. As he put together his visual aids, he decided to use a colorful photo of a Chinese New Year parade as his background. He then used one decorative font and listed numerous points on each slide. By doing this, which guideline for preparing visual aids did he violate?
Keep visual aids simple
Carlos is preparing visual aids for a speech to his United States Government class and has a number of important points to make, resulting in a slide with 14 lines of type. In order to make sure his slides are legible, Carlos should
spread his points across multiple slides
Which of the following are recommended guidelines for constructing slides with text using presentation technology?
Use fonts consistently.
Choose fonts that are easy to read.
Do not use more than two fonts per slide
Verity is giving a speech at a senior center on how to use touch-screen devices. She spent hours designing flashy slides, many of which incorporated images, embedded video, and text in different fonts. Which of the following is true of Verity's presentation?
Her visual aids include too much detail that can detract from her speech.
Which of the following are color combinations that should be avoided due to the difficulty of differentiating between them?
Red and green
Blue and green
Orange and red
A determining factor in deciding whether visual aids are large enough is that a person sitting ______ of the room should be able to see them clearly
at the back
You should remember to do which of the following when adding images to a presentation slide?
Avoid extraneous images
Make the images large enough
Use high-resolution images
Carla used presentation software to prepare visual aids to accompany her speech. She started creating slides several weeks before the speech to give her time to practice her delivery, and included at least a paragraph of text on each slide explaining the images being presented. What is wrong with this scenario?
The amount of text used in visual aids should be kept to a minimum
ed gave a speech to class that included several visual aids. He spent several weeks practicing the speech and his discussion of the image he selected. After completing the speech, Ted held up a large poster of the image and gave a clear explanation of how it emphasized an important point he had made in the speech. What is wrong with this scenario?
The image should have been integrated into the speech.
When constructing an all-text slide using presentation technology, you should make the text
When using a projection screen for visual aids, the speaker should be sure to stand
in a location that will not cast shadows.
Adding color to a visual aid can do which of the following?
It can increase impact when done well.
It can help a speaker highlight key points.
It can make it difficult to see clearly when contrast is low
When should an image be included in a presentation?
When it is essential to the speaker's point
Chris gave a speech to his colleagues on the last quarter's sales numbers. He prepared a pamphlet of information that visually represented the trends he discussed in his speech and had the audience pass it around as he was speaking. However, this approach created a distraction that reduced the effectiveness of his speech. Which of the following would have been a better approach?
In order to present visual aids effectively, a speaker should do which of the following?
Practice with them ahead of time
Talk to the audience while presenting them
Explain them clearly
What is the best way to determine where to place a visual aid?
Inspect the room before the speech and place the visual aid where it will be most visible
Mimi is giving a speech on how to make various flower arrangements. She would like to demonstrate one technique during the first part of her presentation by bringing all the materials needed to make the arrangement. However, part of her presentation will focus on photographs of other types of arrangements. To coordinate her visual aids, she should
use the objects in the first part of the speech, then place them out of sight when it is time to go to the photographs
Which of the following is a recommended strategy for ensuring that the fonts used in a presentation program are clear, legible, and consistent?
Using a built-in theme
Sean gave a speech to his economics class that included a graph of income distribution over time. When the slide with his visual aid came up, he turned to face the screen, pointed out the major features of the graph, and explained to the audience what the various trend lines meant. What should Sean do differently?
Maintain eye contact with audience
When presenting visual aids, speakers should
display them in a prominent place only while the visual aid is being discussed.
Duncan has several photographs in a slide show, and he has decided that informational slides between these visual aids will be unnecessary. What is the best way for Duncan to present his visual aids?
Show the photos only when they are being discussed and use blank slides before or after each one.
Belinda made a line graph illustrating the amount of money that music companies made over the past decade. During her presentation, she briefly shows the graph and says, "Clearly, there has been a decrease in sales over the past several years." She then moves on to her next visual aid. What mistake did she make?
She did not take time to explain the visual aid
What is the best way to determine the success of a visual aid and your explanation of it?
Maintain eye contact with the audience while discussing visual aids.
Which of the following situations is likely to result in an audience's losing track of what is said during a speech
The audience circulates a copy of a chart discussed by the speaker.
What are some key points to remember when practicing using presentation technology?
You should address the audience and not the screen.
You should allow extra time for rehearsal.
You should practice with the mouse or keyboard so you won't have to fumble or look down much to advance your slides.
Which of the following is an essential accessory for any speech involving presentation technology
A flash drive with a backup copy of your slides
Clara gave a speech at work describing which products were the company's best sellers. The speech included a pie chart showing the proportion of total sales for each product. When she came to the slide with the pie chart, Clara said, "As you can see, a few products outsell all the rest," then moved on to her next point. What is wrong with this scenario?
She should spend more time explaining what the chart shows and what it means
When discussing a visual aid, a speaker's eyes should be focused on the
Ideally, speakers should construct visual aids
before they begin
If you cannot visit the presentation room prior to the day of your speech, which of the following is a good idea?
Before your presentation, ensure equipment is working properly
Arrive early the day of your speech
See if you can find out what type of presentation equipment the room has
What are recommended practices when practicing a speech using presentation technology?
Decide exactly when to change slides
Rehearse with the mouse or keyboard until their use requires only a glance at the equipment
Mark cues in the speaking notes to indicate slide changes
When Deshanna went to the front of the room for her speech, she took a long time finding where to insert her flash drive, and then she could not determine how to switch to slide-show mode. During the presentation, she forgot to move to the next slide on several occasions. How could Deshanna have avoided these problems?
She should have familiarized herself with the equipment in the room
She should have indicated in her speaking notes when to change slides
She should have rehearsed more with her visual aids
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