World War II - US History

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isolationism
When a nation tries to minimize ties to other nations.
Jesse Owens
African-American who won 4 gold medal in Berlin's 1936 Olympics.
Lend-lease Act
Law that sent American war supplies to the Allied powers without immediate payment.
Hirohito
Emperor of Japan for most of the twentieth century.
Pearl Harbor
The Japanese attack that brought the U.S. into WWII.
Atlantic Charter
The U.S. & Great Britain's stated goals for WWII.
Rationing
Limiting the amount of supplies that one can buy at a time.
Rosie the Riveter
Character on a motivational poster that represented the working women of WWII.
Manhattan Project
The U.S. program to build the atomic bomb.
Internment Camps
Where Japanese-Americans were placed due to WWII suspicions.
D-Day
June 6, 1944. The day the Allies launched an invasion of the European mainland.
George S. Patton
American general in command of the European forces during WWII.
Douglas MacArthur
American general in command of the Pacific forces during WWII.
Doolittle Raid
Attack on the Japanese island of Honshu. Demonstrated to the Japanese that they were vulnerable.
kamikaze
Japanese for "divine wind." Suicide bombers during WWII.
Midway
This battle was the turning point in the Pacific theater. Admiral Nimitz defeated the Japanese who wanted this island.
Coral Sea
Battle where the American and Australian forces stopped the Japanese advance towards Australia.
island hopping
American strategy of conquering every other island in an attempt to minimize casualties.
Harry S. Truman
U.S. President who succeeded Franklin Roosevelt.
Fat Man & Little Boy
The atomic bombs dropped on Japan.
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
The U.S. dropped atomic bombs on these cities.