World geography chapter 5: India's first empire
Terms in this set (42)
Social groups that ranked people from high to low
A rigid social structure that determined a person's position in society
The major Indian religion; originated in the religious beliefs of the Aryans
A method of training developed by the Hindus that leads oneness with Brahman
Rebirth of an individual's soul after death
The force generated by a person that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life
The divine law
A religious doctrine introduced to northern India in the sixth century by siddhārtha Gautama
Ultimate reality; the end of the self and a reunion with the great world soul (Buddhism)
A trade route between the Roman Empire and china
A person who travels to a shrine or other holy place
Earliest known Indian literature that contained religious chants and stories
1. Brahmins (priests)
2. Kshatriyas (warriors)
3. Vaisyas (artisans and merchants)
4. Sudras (peasants)
• the new group was the "untouchables"
What were the four Varnas of ancient India and what role did each group play in society? What was the fifth group?
1. Ordinary life is full of suffering
2. The suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves
3. The way to end suffering is to end desire for selfish goals and to see others as extensions of ourselves
4. The way to end desire is to follow the middle path
What are the four noble truths?
How many steps are in the middle path?
What are the three dynasties that rules India?
• social structure: caste system
• religion: Hinduism and Buddhism
• art & writing: Vedas, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Bhagavad Gita
• geography: Himalayan mountains, Ganges River
• government: provinces, empires
Name an example for the big five shown in this chapter.
The people believed that there was an ultimate reality called Brahmin and it was everyone's duty to achieve oneness with it. To do that, people have to follow their dharma.
If you do, you accumulate good karma and reincarnate with a better life.
If you didn't follow your dharma, then you accumulate bad karma and and reincarnate with a not-so-good life.
This keeps going until you have accumulated enough knowledge to achieve oneness with Brahmin
Since they believed in this, people accepted the caste they were in. They believed they were in that caste because of something they did their last life.
How did religion play a role in Indian society?
What is the ultimate reality Hindus believe in called?
What are the four paths to Brahmin?
The job of a person to reunite with Brahmin through practiced disciplined meditation and action
He was from a noble family and kept inside the castle away from all the evil in the world. He once came out and saw all the suffering people had to go through. He then decided to leave everything and go and find a cure to human suffering. He sought wisdom through meditation and self-denial. He preached what he had learned and became known as Buddha.
What is the story of of Siddhārtha Gautama and how he founded Buddhism?
A list of ways to live correctly
What is the middle path?
What empire took over after Alexander's death?
Founded the mauryan empire
Who was considered to be the greatest ruler of India?
Provinces with governors he appointed
How did Asoka divide the empire?
What religion did Asoka believe in and use to rule the people?
• Set up hospitals for both people and animals
• placed trees and shelters along roads to provide shelter and shade for travelers
• sponsored Buddhist missionaries
What were some of Asoka's accomplishments?
Which empire took over after Asoka's death?
It was located near the Silk Road and between all the other empires. Trade prospered. With trade came other cultural influences. Even thought the people accepted the way of life of the other cultures, they still stayed distinctively Indian.
How did the location of the Kushan empire affect trade and it's culture?
Where did the Kushan empire come from?
What dynasty was in charge when India had it's golden age?
Who took over when the Gupta's were in charge?
• Himalayan mountains protected them from invaders
• it used to be where the old mauryan capital was
• it was near the Ganges River so they could trade easily
What was Pataliputra (capital of the Gupta empire) located where it was?
What does the word jati mean?
• connected trade
• maintained Indian traditions
• influenced by invaders
What happened in all 3 empires?
• the Vedas
• Bhagavad Gita
Give examples of Indian literature?
• rock chambers
What are some examples of architecture?
• charted stars and earth's rotation
• developed a concept and symbol for zero
What is some science and math that the Indians founded?
• same idea for karma, dharma, and reincarnation
• idea that there was an ultimate reality
• Hinduism: kept their pantheon of gods (many gods)
•Buddhism: believed there was only one or no god
• Hindus followed the caste system but Siddhārtha didn't like the idea of people being forced into a certain position
Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism. (If there are more it this is wrong please text me and tell me)