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20 terms

chapter 12 gov

STUDY
PLAY
political party
an organized effort office holders, candidates, activists, & voters to pursue their commonj interests by gaining & exercising power through the electoral process
governmental party
the office holders who organize themselves and pursue policy objectives under a party label.
organizational party
the workers & activists who make up the party's formal organization structure
political machine
a party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives & is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity
party in the electorate
voters who consider themselves allied or associated with the party
direct primary
the selection of party candidates through the ballots of qualified voters rather than at party nominating conventions
civil service laws
these acts removed the staffing of the bureaucracy from political parties & created a professional bureaucracy filled through competition
issue oriented politics
politics that focuses on specific issues rather than on party, candidate or other loyalties
candidate centered politics
politics that focuses directly on the candidates their particular issues, and character, rather than on party affiliation.
party realignment
a shifting of party coalition grouping in the electorate that remains in place for several elections
critical election
an election that signals a party realignment through votre polarization around new issues
secular reallignment
the gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system
coalition
a group made up of interests or organizations that join forces for the purpose of electing public officials
national party platform
a statement of the general & specific philosophy & policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention
national convention
a party meeting held in the presidential election year for the purposes of nominating a presidential and vice presidential ticket and adopting a platform.
think tank
institutional collection of policy-oriented researchers & academics who are sources of policy ideas
soft money
virtuallt unregulated money funneled through political parties for party building purposes, such as get out the vote efforts ot issue ads BANNED after 2002
hard money
funds that can be used for direct electioneering but are limited & regulared by the Federal Elections Commision
party identification
a citizens personal affinity for a political party, usually expressed by a tenedency to vote for the candidates of that party
dealignment
a general decline in party identification & loyalty in the electorate