Upgrade to remove ads
Quiz One: Bio
Closed note quiz
Terms in this set (32)
Chemical formula of photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O -energy→ C6H12O6 + 6O2
How does photosynthesis acquire reactants?
Oxygen: Through the stomata
Water: Through its roots
Nutrients: From the Soil
Sun Light: Chloroplasts absorb it through the leaves
Where are photosynthesis products stored in the plant?
in the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplasts
Chemical formula of respiration
C6H12O6 + O2 → CO2 + H2O + ATP
Slow carbon cycle
combustion→CO₂→Burial or sedimentation→subduction→fossil fuels→extraction
fast carbon cycle
CO²→photosynthesis→glucose producer→ glucose consumer or cellular rep.→decomposer or CO₂
Energy and how it changes forms
Energy is the ability to cause change. Energy can be converted from one thing to another, but loses some of its self on the conversion, usually becoming heat.
Matter and its system
Matter is the substance of which all physical object are made. Matter can't be created or destroyed but It can be changed from one for to another.
7 Properties of life
Explain latitudinal variation in temperature, why certain parts of the earth experience seasons, and why it rains so much near the equator.
-The more direct, and more concentrated sunlight is, the hotter the temperature in that area will be, and the less direct, and more diffused, the sunlight is the cooler an area's temperature will be.
-Parts of the planet experience seasons because of the earths position.
-At the equator, of the tropics, the amount of sunlight is more direct, so the temperature is warmer. That being said water evaporates at a faster rate, therefore it condenses and precipitates at a faster rate as well meaning the water cycle in that area cycles faster so it will rain more often.
Use the second law of Thermodynamics to explain why there are more producers than consumers in an ecosystem.
In an ecosystem there needs to be more producers than consumers because most of the producers energy turns in excess, meaning that to sustain consumers there needs to be enough producers to make up for the loss in energy.
Explain the greenhouse effect and how carbon sequestration can mitigate climate change
-The greenhouse effect is when electromagnetic energy from the sun heats the earth's atmosphere. Also greenhouse gases, like methane, carbon dioxide, and nitrous oxide, absorbs said heat, in turn warming the gases; the then heated gases absorb infrared radiation, releasing some, which then get absorbed by the earth. This cycle then repeats, slowly heating the earth.
-Carbon sequestration would mitigate global warming and climate change by decreasing the immediate effect of too much CO2 emissions into our atmosphere. By putting some of our extra carbon emissions into other places instead of letting it go directly to the atmosphere we could lessen the overall effect of greenhouse gases and in turn take some of the immediate pressure off changes in our climate.
Explain why there is so much biodiversity in the tropics
-Lots of rain
Keeping a stable condition in ones environment
doing something; causing change
Everything that takes up space and has mass
Energy that is in motion or use
Energy that is stored and not in use
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy is not created nor destroyed
Second Law of Thermodynamics
When energy is converted from one thing to another some becomes excess
Law of conservation of matter
Matter cycles but isn't created or destroyed
cells that DNA is held in a nucleus
cells that DNA isn't held in a nucleus
an organism that makes it own glucose
An organism that consumers other organisms to survive
an organism that makes its own food
An organism that consumers other organisms
an organism that decomposes other organisms
Only 10% of an organisms energy is transfered to the next level of the food chain
Water turns from a liquid to a gas
Water turns from a gas to a liquid
water falling from the atmosphere to the earths surface
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Energy and Matter Exchange in the Biosph…
Bio 2 Chapter 28 - How do ecosystems work?
Topic 5B- Energy Transfer and Nutrient Cycles
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Shopping Spanish quiz
Spanish Vocabulary (?)