Terms in this set (52)
How many articles are in GA's state constitution (1983)?
How many rights are included in GA's bill of rights ?(1983)
Where does all government originate?
What is the purpose of the GA Constitution?
To ensure freedom, liberty, justice, peace, and happiness to all citizens of Georgia
What does separation of powers mean?
Each of the three branches of government has specific responsibilities
What are powers of the legislative, executive, and judicial branch?
-Executive: enforce laws (veto bills)
-Legislative~ make laws (impeach officials)
Judicial~ interpret laws (determine whether or not laws are constitutional)
What is the purpose of check and balances?
Ensures that no branch becomes too powerful
What is one way that the executive branch can check the legislative branch, and what is one way that the judicial branch can check the legislative branch?
The executive branch checks the legislative branch through the use of veto. The judicial branch has the power to declare a law unconstitutional.
Is the right to an education guaranteed by the US Constitution?
What financial responsibility does a citizen have toward the government?
How old must a person be to vote?
What are 3 requirements to vote in GA?
-At least 18 years of age
-A resident of GA and the county you vote in
-A citizen of the US
What are the political parties in GA?
Democratic and Republican
What are the requirements to be a member of GA's House?
-At least 21 years of age
-Citizen of district seeking to represent for at least 1 year
-Citizen of US
-Citizen of GA for at least 2 years
What are the requirements to be a member of GA's Senate?
-At least 25 years of age
-Resident of the GA district seeking to represent for at least one year
-Citizen of US
-Citizen of GA for at least 2 years
What are the requirements to be governor of GA?
-At least 30 years of age
-Citizen of US for at least 15 years
-A resident of state for at least 6 years
What type of legislation must begin in House of Representatives?
How long is the term of a member of the GA General Assembly?
What two parts make up GA General Assembly?
Senate and House of Representatives
Who takes over the governor if he or she cannot continue?
What unique power does the state senate have?
Confirm appointments of government
Who presides over the senate in Georgia?
Who presides over the House of Representatives in Georgia?
Speaker of House
To which legislative committee are tax bills assigned?
Ways and Means committee
What is another name for a permanent legislative committee?
What is the main purpose of the legislative committee?
Review bills before they come to the floor for discussion
What branch of government's main responsibility is writing state laws?
What happens to a bill if the governor does not veto it and does not sign it?
The bill becomes law
What step MUST be taken for a bill to become law in GA?
Be introduced by a legislator and receive a majority vote in both houses
What branch of GA's government sees that state's laws are implemented?
Who is the chief executive of GA?
What is the power to make appointments to boards and executive offices important to the governor of GA?
By being able to spread his or her influence far beyond the limited powers of the governor's office
How many consecutive years may a governor serve?
Which branch of GA's government is the largest?
What office maintains the state's official records and supervises elections?
Secretary of State
What state official is involved in many legal affairs?
State Attorney General
How are positions in GA's state courts filled?
Elected by GA voters
How many justices serve on the GA state supreme court?
Who has the burden of proof in a criminal case?
Who has the burden of proof in a civil case?
What are the most serious criminal crimes called?
What are mediation, collaboration, negotiation, and arbitration?
Mediation is a way to resolve disputes in which a neutral third party meets with two opposing sides. Collaboration is when the opposing parties work together to identify common ground. Negotiation is the process of discussing a state issue with intent of resolving it. Arbitration is when the opposing parties designate a neutral third party and agree in advance to accept the third party's solution.
Who is the main governing authority in almost all of GA's counties?
Board of Commissioners
What is a weak-mayor system versus a strong-mayor system?
Weak= the legislature has both legislature and executive powers. Strong= Strong leader who proposes legislation, prepares budget, appoints all department heads, and has power to veto
What is a council-manager form of government?
The voters elect a city council that establishes laws and policies
Under what age is a juvenile?
What is a delinquent juvenile?
If the act committed would be a crime if they were an adult (not a status or unruly offense)
If a juvenile commits specific serious and violent crimes, he or she may be placed under the jurisdiction of which state court?
What is the first step when a juvenile is taken into custody?
An intake investigation
What type of juvenile hearing is similar to a trial?
An adjudicatory hearing
What does a judge determine or do in a dispositional hearing?
Punishment (similar to a sentencing phase)
What are Georgia's "Seven Deadly Sins"?
Crimes that are committed by juveniles that require trying them as adults
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
20th Century GA SS8H9
Unit 7 Georgia Studies( JUST WW1)
Benchmark Test Review: GA Studies
SS8H3 Study Set A