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39 terms

Midterm Culture Review Sheet

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Hernan Cortes
a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century
Roberto Clemente
a Puerto Rican Major League Baseball right fielder
Pablo Picasso
a Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor who lived most of his adult life in France. He is best known for co-founding the Cubist movement, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and worked in
Salvador Dali
a prominent Spanish Catalan surrealist painter born in Figueres
Diego Rivera
a prominent Mexican painter born in Guanajuato, Guanajuato, an active communist, and husband of Frida Kahlo
Fernando Botero
a Colombian figurative artist, self-titled "the most Colombian of Colombian artists" early on
Pedro Almodover
a Spanish film director, screenwriter and producer.
Oscar de la Renta
one of the world's leading fashion designers
Simon Bolivar
a Venezuelan military and political leader. Together with José de San Martín, he played a key role in Hispanic America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire
Placido Domingo
a Spanish tenor and conductor known for his versatile and strong voice, possessing a ringing and dramatic tone throughout its range
Pablo Neruda
wrote in a variety of styles such as erotically charged love poems as in his collection Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair, surrealist poems, historical epics, and overtly political manifestos
Frida Kahlo
a Mexican painter, born in Coyoacán, and perhaps best known for her self-portraits.
Celia Cruz
a Havana, Cuba born salsa singer, and was one of the most successful Salsa performers of the 20th century, with twenty-three gold albums to her name
Isabel Allende
amous for novels such as The House of the Spirits (La casa de los espíritus) (1982) and City of the Beasts (La ciudad de las bestias) (2002), which have been commercially successful
Michelle Bachelet
a moderate socialist politician who was President of Chile from 11 March 2006 to 11 March 2010—the first woman president in the country's history
Rigoberta Menchu
an indigenous Guatemalan, of the K'iche' ethnic group. Menchú has dedicated her life to publicizing the plight of Guatemala's indigenous peoples during and after the Guatemalan Civil War (1960-1996), and to promoting indigenous rights in the country
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz
a self-taught scholar and poet of the Baroque school, and nun of New Spain
Laura Esquivel
a Mexican author making a noted contribution to Latin-American literature
Gabriela Mistral
a Chilean poet, educator, diplomat, and feminist who was the first Latin American to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1945
Miguel Cervantes
a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright. His magnum opus Don Quixote, considered the first modern novel, is a classic of Western literature, and is regarded amongst the best works of fiction ever written
Dona Marina, La Malinche
a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a role in the Spanish conquest of Mexico, acting as interpreter, advisor, lover and intermediary for Hernán Cortés "la llorona"
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo throughout Latin America
Sandra Cisneros
an American writer best known for her acclaimed first novel The House on Mango Street (1984) and her subsequent short story collection Woman Hollering Creek and Other Stories (1991)
Fraile Junipero Serra
a Franciscan friar, doctor of philosophy and theology , evangelist and founder of various missions of Alta California , including Los Angeles , San Francisco , Sacramento and San Diego
Jose Maria Morelos
a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader who led the Mexican War of Independence movement, assuming its leadership after the execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811
Eva Peron
the second wife of President Juan Perón (1895-1974) and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952
Benito Juarez
first Mexican leader who did not have a military background, and also the first full-blooded indigenous national ever to serve as President of Mexico and to lead a country in the Western Hemisphere
Dolores Huerta
the co-founder and First Vice President Emeritus of the United Farm Workers of America, AFL-CIO (UFW), and a member of the Democratic Socialists of America
Manco Capac
the legendary first Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco and a figure of Inca mythology
Moctezuma
the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520
Los Reyes Catolicos
reunited spain
Padre Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
a Mexican priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.
Pancho Villa
one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals
Emiliano Zapata
a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the president Porfirio Díaz
Cesar Chavez
an American farm worker, labor leader, and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW)
Juan Diego
an indigenous Mexican who reported a Marian apparition, Our Lady of Guadalupe, in 1531
Jose Marti
a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature.
Che Guevara
an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, intellectual, guerrilla leader, diplomat and military theorist
Fidel Castro
a Cuban political leader and former communist revolutionary