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Unit 15-The Cold War Era
Terms in this set (17)
United Nations (UN)
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
a state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare
US policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism
Marshall Plan (1947)
A plan that the US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe. This plan offered $13 billion in aid to Western and Southern Europe on condition they wouldn't go communist.
Truman Doctrine (1947)
Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by communism.
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Military alliance created in 1949 made up of 12 non-Communist countries including the United States that support each other if attacked.
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to NATO
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev which called for more openness with the nations of West, and a relaxing of restraints on Soviet citizenry.
A policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring in the USSR towards a market based economy and society
Arms Race (Cold War)
US and USSR compete for technological and nuclear supremacy
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
When the Soviet Union placed nuclear arms in Cuba the US was threatened. This initiated a stalemate between the Soviet Union and the US because each had the power to destroy each other.
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas
The blockade was a Soviet attempt to starve out the allies in Berlin in order to gain supremacy
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Soviets closed off land access to Berlin
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