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Unit 3: God the Father
Basic Review for Unit 3 Test
Terms in this set (40)
Jesus tells us to call God ___________ in Sacred Scripture.
True or False: Catholics may use the Trinitarian formula, "Creator, Sanctifier, and Redeemer" without falling into heresy.
The Trinitarian formula is affirmed in Catholic ________________.
This term refers to God's overall plan for humanity and the world.
This term highlights the fact that if God failed to constantly do this, all of creation would vanish in an instant.
This term speaks of the assistance God gives us in order to help us achieve His plan.
God created _____________, which means out of nothing.
This would be a literalistic interpretation. This would fail to take into account the genre and context of the passage, and thus it would interpret the passage differently from what was intended by the author.
Right or Wrong: The Church has always interpreted every detail in the creation account in Genesis (such as God creating the world in seven days) as if it literally happened, word for word as it is written.
Yes or No: Can Catholics believe that the human soul is a product of material evolution?
True or False: Atheists have used Evolution to try and disprove God.
Yes or No: Can Catholics believe that God created the world and in the theory of evolution?
________________ have traditionally rejected evolution as they fear it could be used to deny God's existence. They reject reason as a component of understanding the faith. They believe that we do not need to understand religion intellectually, but instead just believe.
Problem of Evil Summary
If God is all-powerful and all-good, why is there evil?
This heresy denied the goodness of God's creation and the human body. It explained evil by accounting for a malevolent, lesser god who created the world.
Four main reasons why the Problem of Evil does NOT disprove God
1. God did not create pure evil (it doesn't exist).
2. God works a greater good from bad events (i.e. free will)
3. Evil can help prove God's existence (i.e. moral argument)
4. Weakness of other alternatives (atheism, illusion)
This angel most clearly demonstrates that angels have free will and can misuse it.
Three doctrines Catholics must affirm if they believe in Evolution
1. Original Sin
2. Universal parenthood of Adam and Eve
3. Special creation of the soul out of nothing (i.e. it was not created from preexisting matter)
They do not have a physical body.
Why can't angels receive the sacraments?
Every human person, even someone who is unbaptized, has a _______________ angel.
Why can't an angel repent after it falls?
They radically and irrevocably reject God and His reign. It is the irrevocable character of their choice (they cannot and will not change it), and not a defect in the infinite divine mercy, that makes the angels' sin unforgivable.
Humans ____________ become angels when they die.
Although they are not omniscient, angels are gifted with a/an ________ intellect.
Pride and Envy
According to Catholic Tradition, the fallen angels fell into which two sins?
Our image, after our likeness
In Genesis, God declares, "let us make man in..."
Inherited, not committed
All since Adam and Eve have _______________ Original Sin.
The Christian philosopher, G.K. Chesterton, believed that Original Sin was the ______________________ of Christian doctrines.
Although not given absolute ownership, Adam and Eve were made ___________ of the earth when God gave them dominion to till it and keep it in good care.
Three preternatural gifts that Adam and Eve were created with
1. Infused knowledge
2. Bodily Integrity
Four major stages of man as recounted in Sacred Scripture (in proper order)
Do Catholics accept or reject the notion of free will?
Inclined to sin
One of the effects of Original Sin is that it makes man more _________________.
What is the balance between God's grace and our own efforts?
"Apart from God we can do nothing, and apart from our effort God cannot work in our lives. Both God's grace and our efforts are needed."
This doctrine of the Catholic faith consists of the fact that God knows all of our actions and gives grace to the elect to reach Heaven.
What is an example of a SIMILARITY between angels and humans with preternatural gifts (i.e. Adam and Eve)?
Infused knowledge, free will, Made in God's image
What is an example of a DIFFERENCE between angels and humans with preternatural gifts (i.e. Adam and Eve)?
Bodily integrity (angels lack a body)
The belief that God desires people to go to hell and ensures that they get there.
Do Catholics accept or reject the notion of double predestination?
This gave Adam & Eve full understanding that God was their Creator and ultimate source of happiness. They also had full knowledge of the nature of reality, moral law, and of the essence of one another and how to properly treat each other.
This meant that Adam & Eve had full control of their bodily desires. Full control of the body takes place when bodily passions (hunger, sexual lust, emotions, etc) are fully controlled by human reason and used in a righteous manner. One is never overwhelmed by their passions and emotions.
This meant that they could live forever and not suffer earthly death. This also meant that they did not suffer pain or age.
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