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CST Ch. 4 and 5 Test
Terms in this set (28)
What are the four permanent principles of Catholic social doctrine, and what makes them so important?
Dignity, common good, subsidiarity, solidarity. They are important because they are based on Divine Law and they apply in all social relationships. they are moral principles and therefore are binding on our consciences.
What is the common good, and how is it often confused or misunderstood?
The total of social conditions that will allow both individuals and groups to reach their human and spiritual fulfillment more easily. The common good is held in common, but it is for the sake of persons. It is not the same as the collective will of the people and it does not necessarily correspond to the most popular desires or beliefs
What is subsidiarity?
Matters should be handled by the smallest and most local competent authority, rather than being handled default by a central authority
What is solidarity?
The quality of communities or individuals being united in interests, sympathies, and aspirations.
What is participation, and how is it related to solidarity?
The principle by which people take active responsibility for their roles in society by means of labor, voting, community life, and so on. These actions affect the unity of people, which is what solidarity is concerned with.
What is private property, and how does it relate to the universal destination of goods?
The right of a person or community of persons to own, govern, and otherwise dispose of some part of creation. The universal destination of goods catholic doctrine that God created the goods of the earth to be shared in common by all people. They both relate to how to live in a community of people.
Is private property an absolute right? If not, why not?
It is not an absolute right, the state has the right to regulate the rights of ownership for the sake of the common good. We have to acquire and keep private property in ways that are legal and moral or it can be taken away from us.
Why is truth important to the healthy functioning of society?
Because it helps us live with integrity and a respect for others. It upholds our desire for justice and a fair society by having a truthful society and government.
How can love help a society to function more efficiently and effectively?
A just society can only be brought about from love and charity. It is safeguarded by the principle of subsidiarity. Love allows for us to respect others and uphold their dignity so our society can work well and we can work well together
What are the limits of solidarity for a catholic?
Solidarity must be universal for Catholics because the Church is universal. We have to go beyond self-interest, ethnicities, cultures, and races.
What is human dignity?
We must honor every person, from the moment of conception until natural death, because that person is made in the image and likeness of God. Every person deserves to be treated with dignity. It is the worth of the human being because we are created in God's image. All human life is sacred.
Natural differences vs. sinful inequalities
- material inequality does not deprive the poor of the divine image, it doesn't take away their dignity. But their dignity does mean that they do deserve better
- race, gender, ethnicities, economic differences.
- different gifts and strengths
- the poor deserve the change to fulfill their divine vocation and to fulfill their human nature by working, having a family, and enjoying peace and security, but they often don't get the opportunities to do these things because of barriers society has made against them
- the poor should be able to live by their own choice
- people shouldn't be forced to be poor because they don't have opportunities
What is common good?
The total of social conditions that will allow both individuals and groups to reach their human and spiritual fulfillment more easily.
Three essential elements of common good
- the common good requires human dignity, rights, and respect for each person
- authorities should see to it that all people have access to basic goods necessary to lead a truly human life; everyone should have access to food, clothing, health, education, and culture
- the common good requires peace
The common good is not...
The same as the collective will of the people and it doesn't necessarily correspond to the most popular desires or beliefs
The relationship between solidarity and subsidiarity
Solidarity without subsidiarity gives way to "paternalist social assistance that is demeaning to those in need". Subsidiarity without solidarity will degenerate into "social privatism". They both relate to people working together in a community. Together they create a good balance of power.
Definition and explanation of the principle of the universal destination of goods
Catholic doctrine says that God created the goods of the earth to be shared in common by all humans
What is family?
The fundamental unit of society. Formed by marriage of one man, one woman, and their children
What is marriage?
A covenantal, lifelong partnership between one man and one woman. Ordered toward the good of the spouses. A sacred bond that cannot be broken. It is free, total, faithful, and fruitful.
What is marriage a sign of?
Gods abiding and fruitful love for his people. The union between christ and his church.
Why is stable, lifelong marriage good for society
The family is the fundamental unit of society, so if families suffer disorder, society cannot know peace.
Why does God want us to live together in families?
We are social beings, we are created to live in a loving, supportive community
What does the family do for the individual?
It shapes the person that you are. It teaches you how to be human, live a valuable life, know right and wrong, and show love.
What does the family do for society
Society is made up of families. The family is where you first fundamentally know you are loved. The family gives contributions to society and is where the social life begins. It is a vital cell of society
The "domestic Church" means...
The family mirrors the trinity
What is a preferential love for the poor?
A preferential love for the poor that allows one to give priority to the needs of the poor and to make a commitment to transform unjust social structures that are the causes of poverty
Forms of poverty
Poverty of material needs - describes people who lack sufficient material means to meet basic human needs like nutritious food, safe drinking water, and basic health care
Poverty of the soul - describes people who are hopeless about life, who many be suffering from psychological illness
Poverty of addiction - describes people who seek things such as possessions, prestige, beauty, and sex to fulfill a desire for lasting joy and happiness, eventually finding themselves unfulfilled
Who are people the are often marginalized?
Children, the elderly, people with disabilities, the poor, people of color, the sick, etc.
What does Marx consider to be the "real fruit" of the workers' battles?
What best explains variation in the extent of government support for parental leave and childcare in wealthy democracies?
When Marx advocates for the abolishment of private property, who's property is he referring to?
It is possible to understand the female role without also understanding the male role, because both are firmly noted in
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