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Terms in this set (51)
What comes first? IVP or BE?
IVP first, BE second
Why will an IVP come first before BE?
the barium from the BE will obscure the kidneys by the bowel contrast
How much will the kidneys drop in the change from the supine to the upright position?
If the kidneys drop lower than the normal 3 inches it's called
What contrast does a cystogram use?
What happens if the patient is allergic to iodine for a cystogram?
Are technologist allowed to give a patient benadryl?
Where is rethropoietin produced by?
What does rethropoietin do?
stimulates red blood cell production
What is rethropoietin?
hormone kidney excrete
Renin is produced by?
What does renin regulate?
a kidney that is out of its normal position, usually lower than normal
Calcified or stone renal pelvis of kidney
Decreased urine output
the dilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys, usually caused by stone above the bladder
In who do bladder stones commonly occur in?
malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood
What do the kidneys regulate?
Fluid volume, electrolytes, acid-base balance
Sodium, potassium, and bycarbonates
How much does the glomerular filter per day?
Do we control internal or external sphincter?
What muscle will you see on a KUB?
What vein do we use for injection?
What medicine can we give for reaction to iodine?
epipreniphren, predizone, benadryl
Normal creatinine levels
Normal BUN levels
Metformin Hydrochloride is a drug that is taken for the managment of
two general categories of contrast media reactions
local and systemic
what type of reaction to allergic response to iodinated contrast is
a temporary failure of the renal system is an example of ___ reaction
what is given to a pt as part of the premedication procedure?
combination of benadryl and prednisone
Trademark name for a diuretic drug
IVP is a study of
the renal pelvis of kidney only
IVU is a study of
kidneys, ureters, and bladder
what is specific visualized during an IVU?
collecting system of the kidney
what is a common pathologic indication for an IVU?
rare tumor of the adernal gland?
What type of renal calculi is often associated with chronic urinary tract infections?
hypertension IVU requires
a shorter time span between each image
the brodney clamp is for male only
how will an enlarged prostate gland appear postvoid radiograph taken during an IVU?
indent the floor of the bladder
Where should the pneumatic paddle be placed for the ureteric compression phase of an IVU?
medial to the ASIS and lateral to the spine, place over outer pelvic brim
What can be done to enhance the filling of the calyces of the kidney
15 degree trendelenburg position
retrograde pyelogram is a nonfunctional study of
renal pelvis, major and minor calyces of kidney
where is the CR centered for a nephrotomogram?
midway between xiphoid process and iliac crest
What specific position taken during an IVU places the LEFT kidney parallel to the IR?
What CR angle is used for the AP projection taken during a cystogram?
10 to 15 degrees caudad
----- throws symphysis pubis out of way
How far above the site of veinpuncture should the tourniquet be placed?
How does the use of an IVU filter affect a bolus injection?
the rate of injection will be reduced
three part of a syringe?
tip, barrel, and plunger
what are the three parts to hydrodermic needle?
hub, cannula, and bevel
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