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World at cross roads vocab
Terms in this set (23)
One of two port cities in which Europeans were permitted to trade in China during the Ming dynasty
substance derived from the opium poppy from which all narcotic drugs are derived
Wars between Britain and the Qing Empire (mind 1800s), caused by the Qing government's refusal to let Britain import Opium. China lost and Britain and most other European powers were able to develop a strong trade presence throughout China against their wishes.
Treaty of Nanjing
1842, ended Opium war, said the western nations would determine who would trade with china, so it set up the unequal treaty system which allowed western nations to own a part of chinese territory and conduct trading business in china under their own laws; this treaty set up 5 treaty ports where westerners could live, work, and be treated under their own laws; one of these were Hong Kong.
a mid-19th century rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan; goals to redistribute land, equality for women and replace Buddhism and Confucianism with blend of Christianity
late 19th century movement in China to counter the challenge from the West; led by provincial leaders
Doctrine of lapse
If an Indian ruler failed to have a male heir, then his territory would be considered lapsed
The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny; led to the control of India by Queen Victoria
Laws passed in 1919 that allowed the British government in India to jail anti-British protesters without trial for as long as two years
Quit India Movement
Mass civil disobedience campaign that began in the summer of 1942 to end British control of India; Ghandi
"reorganization" era (1839-1876) opposition from radical Young Ottomans, who wanted constitutional government. Pace of reform moved fast, drafted new laws, & underestimated power of traditional religious elite
A coalition starting in the late 1870s of various groups favoring modernist liberal reform of the Ottoman Empire. It was against monarchy of Ottoman Sultan and instead favored a constitution. In 1908 they succeed in establishing a new constitutional era.
group of people in Russia who supported Constantine's rise to the throne after the death of Alexander I rather than the unpopular older brother, Nicholas I. They were quickly suppressed and killed
(1853-1856) Russian war against Ottomans for control of the Black Sea; intervention by Britain and France cause Russia to lose; Russians realize need to industiralize.
created by sergei witte and pushed for the industrialization of russia. the witte system set up ways to stimulate the economic development of russia. the construction of railroads was imperative for the success of the witte system
After arriving with a fleet of warships, he gets Japan to sign the Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) opening some ports to America. Helps to end Japanese isolation
The political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, in which a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
Signed with British; equal powers/peers
(1894-1895) Japan's imperialistic war against China to gain control of natural resources and markets for their goods. It ended with the Treaty of Portsmouth which granted Japan Chinese port city trading rights, control of Manchuria, the annexation of the island of Sakhalin, and Korea became its protectorate.
War between Russia and Japan; Japan wins and takes parts of Manchuria under its control.
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
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