the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)
Emphasis on unique aspects of a person. Led to portraits vs. group paintings
Renaissance emphasis on worldly possessions vs. spiritual matters
Economic system based on private ownership and investment for prophet
Artist, writer, and scholar who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
Ruling family of Florence
Wrote the prince that examines how a ruler can gain and keep power. Power was more important than reality
Painted Madonna and child (Jesus) and studied Da Vinci and Michelangelo
Renaissance artist famous for the way he portrayed the human body as forceful and heroic. Famous for the dome of St. Peters, sistine chapel, and the statue of David
Renaissance Art vs. Medieval Art
Medieval = religious subjects in spiritual ideal. Renaissance = religious subjects in realistic style
Split of different groups from Catholic Church and Popes authority
Founder of Lutheranism Monk translated Bible into German
Formal statements written by Luther against the selling of indulgences. Posted them on the door of the church in Wittenberg on Oct 31 1517
Writing in native language instead of Latin
A payment for forgiveness of sins
Diet of Worms
A meeting where Luther was ordered to take back what he said. Luther refused
Movement within Catholic church for reform
Council of Trent
Catholic bishop and cardinals agreed that the church could interpret the bible; Christians need faith and works; The bible and tradition were equal indulgences were valid
Religious order of followers of ignatius. Focused on schools, converting people, and stoping protestantism
Christians who do not follow the authority of the pope
Christians who follow the authority of the Pope
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