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the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason

William Shakespeare

English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)

Johann Gutenberg

German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)


Emphasis on unique aspects of a person. Led to portraits vs. group paintings


Renaissance emphasis on worldly possessions vs. spiritual matters


Economic system based on private ownership and investment for prophet

Da Vinci

Artist, writer, and scholar who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper


Ruling family of Florence


Wrote the prince that examines how a ruler can gain and keep power. Power was more important than reality


Painted Madonna and child (Jesus) and studied Da Vinci and Michelangelo


Renaissance artist famous for the way he portrayed the human body as forceful and heroic. Famous for the dome of St. Peters, sistine chapel, and the statue of David

Renaissance Art vs. Medieval Art

Medieval = religious subjects in spiritual ideal. Renaissance = religious subjects in realistic style

Protestant Reformation

Split of different groups from Catholic Church and Popes authority

Martian Luther

Founder of Lutheranism Monk translated Bible into German

95 Theses

Formal statements written by Luther against the selling of indulgences. Posted them on the door of the church in Wittenberg on Oct 31 1517


Writing in native language instead of Latin


A payment for forgiveness of sins

Diet of Worms

A meeting where Luther was ordered to take back what he said. Luther refused

Catholic Reformation

Movement within Catholic church for reform

Council of Trent

Catholic bishop and cardinals agreed that the church could interpret the bible; Christians need faith and works; The bible and tradition were equal indulgences were valid


Religious order of followers of ignatius. Focused on schools, converting people, and stoping protestantism


Christians who do not follow the authority of the pope


Christians who follow the authority of the Pope

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