recurring idea or central insight mirrored in the story's conflict and characters
simple statement that teaches a simple truth
theme is subtly woven throughout the story's elements
the author tells the reader the theme outright
omniscient point of view
author tells the reader the characters thoughts and motives
limited-omniscient point of view
author gets inside the head of one of the story's characters
first person point of view
author becomes one of the characters
series of events arranged to produce a definite sense of movement toward a specific goal
introduces the setting, characters, and situation
event that sets the conflict in motion
the main character faces complications in the story
moment of greatest suspense
follows the crisis, the details of the story come together
final moment of suspense
immediately precedes the denouement
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