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medical terminology chapter 8: the blood and lymphatic systems-hematology and immunology
Terms in this set (174)
root word for blood
smallest cells in the blood
red blood cells
most common cells in the blood
substance found in red blood cells that grabs oxygen when the surrounding oxygen levels are low; helps carry fresh oxygen from the lungs to all the parts of the body that need it; iron-containing pigment in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the cells
white blood cells
protect the body from invasion
neutrophils, lymphocytes, basophils, eosinophils
different types of infections that white blood cells fight
root word for clot
root word for coagulation
blood's ability to form clots
root word for cell
root for word for white
root word for vein
lymph nodes, tonsils, spleen, thymus
what does the lymph system include of?
the lymphatic system plays a large role in the body's ______________ system
root word for lymph
root word for bone marrow, spine
suffix for blood condition
root word for tonsils
masses of lymphoid tissue located in the back of the mouth at the top of the throat
root word for spleen
root word thym/o
root word for immune system
root word for deficiency
reduction of red blood cells noticed by the patient by weakness and fatigue.
a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells
reduced red blood cells
mass of blood within an organ, cavity, or tissue
condition in which the blood doesn't clot, thus causing excessive bleeding
excessive blood loss
injury to tissue that occurs after blood flow is restored
any disease of a lymph gland (node); used to refer to noticeably swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck
swelling caused by abnormal accumulation of lymph, usually in the extremities
pain in the spleen
pain in the spleen
higher-than-normal number of red blood cells; less common
condition characterized by a great inequality in the size of red blood cells
oval red blood cells
condition characterized by an increase in the number of oval-shaped redblood cells
blockage in a blood vessel caused by an embolus
mass of matter present in the blood
red blood cell
abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells
formation of red blood cells
breakdown of blood cells
white blood cell
increase in the number of white blood cells
deficiency in white blood cells
condition characterized by large red blood cells
condition characterized by small red blood cells
formation of bone marrow
deficiency in neutrophil
a type of white blood cell
normal-sized red blood cell
deficiency in the number of red blood cells
deficiency in all cellular components of the blood
process in which phagocytes (a type of white blood cell) destroy (or eat) foreign microorganisms or cell debris
condition characterized by red blood cells in a variety of shapes
excess of red blood cells
mmature red blood cell; the root comes from its netlike appearance
red blood cell that assumes a spherical shape
cell that helps blood clot; also known as a platelet
deficiency in the number of platelets (clot cells)
increase in the number of platelets (clot cells)
blockage of a vessel (embolism) caused by a clot that has broken off fromwhere it formed
capable of producing a blood clot
the formation of a blood clot
absence of a spleen or of spleen function
enlargement of the liver and spleen
abnormal deficiency in lymph, lymph deficiency
displacement of the spleen; sometimes called floating spleen
breakdown (destruction) of spleen tissue
softening of the spleen
enlargement of the spleen
downward displacement (drooping) of the spleen
overdevelopment of the thymus
substance produced by the body in response to an antigen
substance that causes the body to produce antibodies
test to judge or separate the blood; it is used to determine the ratio of redblood cells to total blood volume
study of the blood
inadequate flow of blood
protein that provides protection (immunity) against disease
study of the immune system
specialist in the study of the immune system
record of the study of lymph vessels
procedure to study the lymph vessels
circulation of blood through tissue
study of veins
specialist in drawing blood
incision into a vein; another name for drawing blood
fancy name for the device used to measure blood pressure
disease caused by the body's immune system attacking the body's own healthy tissue
any disease that deals with problems in blood coagulation
deep vein thrombosis
formation of a blood clot in a vein deep in the body, most commonly the leg
disease of the hemoglobin
increased ability of the blood to coagulate
having an immune system incapable of responding normally and completely to a pathogen or disease
immune system with decreased or compromised response to disease-causing organisms
reduction in the activity of the body's immune system
blockage of blood flow to an organ
dilation of blood vessels
condition in which red blood cells assume a spherical shape
inflammation of vein caused by a clot
anemia caused by red blood cells not being formedin sufficient quantities
anemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells
iron deficiency anemia
anemia caused by inadequate iron intake
presence of bilirubin in the blood
excessive bilirubin in the blood
excessive cholesterol in the blood
excessive fat in the blood
increased blood volume
decreased blood volume
cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by the abnormalincrease in white blood cells
presence of disease-causing microorganisms in the blood
presence of urine in the blood
inflammation of the liver and spleen
increased spleen activity
inflammation of a lymph gland (node)
dilation of a lymph vessel, normally noticed by swelling in the extremities
inflammation of lymph vessels
tumor originating in lymphocytes
condition characterized by an abnormally large number of mononuclearleukocytes
disease characterized by poor production of blood cells by the bonemarrow
cancerous tumor of the bone marrow; when the tumors are present in several bones, it is called multiple myeloma
inflammation of bone and bone marrow
inflammation of the spleen
any disease of the spleen
rupture of the spleen
tumor of the thymus
disease of the thymus
inflammation of a tonsil
drug that prevents the coagulation of blood
drug that stops the flow of blood
drug that breaks down blood clots; clot breakdown agent
specialists in drawing blood
surgical removal of the spleen through the abdome
surgical removal of a lymph gland (node)
incision into a lymph gland (node)
surgical fixation of the spleen and a kidney
surgical removal of the spleen
surgical removal of the thymus
surgical removal of a tonsil
general term for a process, similar to dialysis, that draws out a patient's blood, removes something from it, then returns the rest of the blood to the patient's body
apheresis to remove cellular material
apheresis to remove plasma
apheresis to remove platelets (for the purpose of donating them to patients in need of platelets)
infusion into a patient of blood from another source
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
What does AIDS stand for?
acute lymphoblastic leukemia
What does ALL stand for?
acute myeloid leukemia
What does AML stand for?
bone marrow transplant
What does BMT stand for?
complete blood count
What does CBC stand for?
chronic myeloid leukemia
What does CML stand for?
disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
What does DIC stand for?
What does EBV stand for?
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
What does ESR stand for?
What does Hct stand for?
What does Hgb stand for?
human immunodeficiency virus
What does HIV stand for?
What does HSM stand for?
hemolytic uremic syndrome
What does HUS stand for?
international normalized ratio
What does INR stand for?
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
What does ITP stand for?
What does IV stand for?
What does IVIG stand for?
What does LAD stand for?
no cervical adenopathy or tenderness
What does NCAT stand for?
What does PLT stand for?
What does PT stand for?
partial thromboplastin time
What does PTT stand for?
red blood count
What does RBC stand for?
thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
What does TTP stand for?
white blood count
What does WBC stand for?
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