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AP US Gov - Foundational Docs
Terms in this set (17)
Federalist No. 10
the Constitution establishes a government capable of controlling the violence and damage caused by factions.
Federalist No. 10 (Quote)
"There are two methods of curing the mischiefs of faction: the one, by removing its causes; the other, by controlling its effects."
Brutus No. 1
Argued for a confederation of small republics because it would better protect individual liberty. The proposed U.S. Constitution created a dangerously powerful central government.
Brutus No. 1 (Quote)
"This government is to possess absolute and uncontrollable power, legislative, executive and judicial, with respect to every object to which it extends...the constitution and laws of every state are nullified and declared void, so far as they are or shall be inconsistent with the Constitution..."
Declaration of Independence
Argument that documented grievances against the British and justified the Revolutionary War by relying on the colonists natural rights.
Declaration of Independence (Quote)
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
Articles of Confederation
A Constitution that created a weak central government and strong state governments.
Articles of Confederation (Quote)
"Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated."
Federalist No. 51
Argues that checks and balances can be created in government and also advocates a separation of powers within the national government.
Federalist No. 51 (Quote)
"Ambition must be made to counteract ambition"
Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism. It says that people have a moral responsibility to break unjust laws and to take direct action rather than waiting potentially forever for justice to come through the courts.
Letter from a Birmingham Jail (Quote)
"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere..."We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed."
Federalist No. 70
Hamilton argues that a strong executive is essential in the new government.
Federalist No. 70 (Quote)
"energy in the executive is the leading character in the definition of good government. It is essential to the protection of the community against foreign attacks...to the steady administration of the laws, to the protection of property...to justice; [and] to the security of liberty...."
Federalist No. 78
Addresses concerns by the Anti-Federalists over the scope and power of the federal judiciary, which would have comprised unelected, politically insulated judges that would be appointed for life.
Federalist No. 78 (Quote)
The Judiciary is the "weakest branch" because it has "no influence over either the sword or the purse, ...It may truly be said to have neither FORCE nor WILL, but merely judgment."
Constitution of the United States
Created a Federal system that gave power to both the central government and the governments of the states
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