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Mosely 9th grade Pre-AP

nucleic acid

a macromolecule that carries genetic information or forms structure within cells


in a nucleic acid chain, a subunit that consists of a sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogenus base


the material that contains the information that determines inherited characteristics


a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and that plays a role in protein synthesis


substances that reduce the activation energy of a chemical reaction


a substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction

active site

the site on an enzyme that attatches to a substrate


newly formed substrates


an enzyme that breaks down starches into sugars


an enzyme that decomposes hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water


an enzyme that writes DNA strand and prevents errors in genetic code


makes things firmer (like jello)

Benedict's Reagent

a chemical solution used to detect the presence of glucose and other reducing sugars

Buiret Reagent

tests for the presence of proteins

Iodine Reagent

dissolving iodine in water in the presence of potassium iodide

How do enzymes work

they break down

Proteins ex.

ex. meats, animal products, legumes, grains, and nuts

Lipids ex.

ex. oil, waxes, and vitamins

Carbohydrates ex.

sugar, starch, and breatds

nucleic acid ex.


organic compound

a biomolecule that is produced by a living organism


a large molecule made of many smaller molecules


proteins that catalyze chemical reactions


the sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism


a substance that provides nourishment need for life processes

amino acids

the building blocks of proteins


the breaking down of food into chemical substances that can be used for energy




a broad group of molecules which include fats, waxes, several vitamins


a molecule that is made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen


a broad group of molecules that store energy, making the structure of cell membranes and cellular signalling


large molecule composed of one or more chains of amino acids

nucleic acids

a macromolecule that carries genetic information or form structures within cells

carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

3 elements that make up all carbohydrates


the carbohydrate plants use this to store extra sugar

cellular respiration

sugar is broken down and turned into ATP that gives cells the energy they need

blood sugar

condition people suffer from that by eating breads, potatoes, and other starches

What is blood sugar

level drops or goes increasingly high

nucleic acid

amino acids joined together to form a macromolecule


enzymes hormones and antibodies are part of which biomolecule

lipid bilayer other name

lipid membranes

lipid bilayer

help maintain homeostasis

oxygen and hydrogen

lipids are a compound made up of


the lipid most commonly consumed


containing the maximum amount of solute capable of being dissolved


lack hydrogen bond on the carbon chain


double bonds unsaturated by hydrogen atoms

adipose tissue

triglycerides are stored in......

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