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69 terms

Ch 15 Musculoskeletal system

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calc/o
calci/o
calcium
kyph/o
humpback, hunchback, (posterior curvature in the thoracic region)
lamin/o
lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve, swayback (anterior curvature in the lumbar region)
lumb/o
loins, lower back
myel/o
bone marrow
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
scoli/o
crooked, bent (lateral curvature)
spondyl/o (make words about conditions)
vertebra
vertebr/o (make words to describe structure)
vertebra
-blast
embryonic or immature cell
-clast
to break
-listhesis
slipping
-malacia
softening
-physis
to grow
-porosis
pore, passage
-tome
instrument to cut
acetabul/o
acetabulum (hip socket)
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel)
carp/o
carpals (wrist bones)
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o
ribs (true ribs, false ribs and floating ribs)
crani/o
cranium (skull)
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o
perone/o
fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o
ilium (upper part of pelvic bone)
ischi/o
ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)
malleol/o
malleolus (process on each side of the ankle)
mandibul/o
mandible (lower jawbone)
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jawbone)
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
patell/o
patella (kneecap)
pelv/i
pelvis (hipbone)
phalang/o
phalanges (finger and/or toe bones)
pub/o
pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
radi/o
radius (forearm bone--thumb side)
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder blade)
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
tars/o
tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
uln/o
ulna (forearm bone--little finger side)
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
articul/o
joint
burs/o
bursa
chondr/o
cartilage
ligament/o
ligament
rheumat/o
watery flow
synov/o
synovial membrane
ten/o
tendin/o
tendon
-desis
to bind, tie together
-stenosis
narrowing
fasci/o
fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)
fibr/o
fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o
smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o
myos/o
muscle
myocardi/o
heart muscle
plant/o
sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o
skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones
sarc/o
muscle and flesh
-asthenia
lack of strength
-trophy
development, nourishment
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
dorsi-
back
poly-
many, much