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Section 3: Trade networks of Asia and Africa
Terms in this set (28)
Arab prophet; founder of religion of Islam.
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
Islam spread quickly through conquest and trade
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.
sailed thought out the east Mediterranean sea and the Red Sea to bring home cedar logs, silver and horses. Routes south from Egypt they trade for Ivory, spices, cooper and cattle.
Believed that the theory of the earth is sphere. They made remarkable contributions to mathematics, medicine, astronomy, and technology, they development of algebra, a measurement of the size of Earth, and ships with sails
A solid shape that is perfectly round like a ball. No faces, edges, or vertices.
merchants in Middle east Africa
at outdoor bazaars, Muslim merchants bought and sold goods form around the world. .
The most valuable goods sold at this Persian bazaar
were spices from Southeast Asia
Arabian Peninsula ideal location as trading center
was in the middle of Europe, Asia and Africa it facilitate the trade network linked between this continents
East African Trade centers
• Around 1000 A.D. the biggest trade centers appeared on the eastern coast of Africa, Zimbabwe the most powerful trade empire.
the most powerful African trading center. it trade the route between the east coast and the interior of Africa
A city-state found on east African coast(Zenj); fishing limited trade from 800-1000; turned to agriculture, increased trade with African interior, exchanging pottery and stoneware, cloth, manufacture goods for gold, ivory and fur
Different and similarities to modern shopping and Bazaars
Bazaars were outdoor shopping, everything were exposes, in Modern is mostly inside mall and is divided by stores. In Bazaars most good exchanges were valuable as gold, ivory, expensive spices
Bazaars the good were mostly hard to find in the region, and imported from far away. In USA most are imported too.
there are a exchange of goods.
West Africa trade
gold for salt through middle men. In 19 century demand for gold had increase in middle east, and salt were hardly need to prevent dehydration in the hot climate.
Traded kingdoms arose in West Africa
Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.
700s-1076, gained wealth from gold and salt trade, taxes on goods of traders, weighed them for fairness.
Empire of Mali
After Ghana kingdom 1200-1450 BC-West African kingdom wealth gold trade - ruled by Mansa Musa -made Timbuktu prosperous West African city,
City on the Niger River in the modern country of Mali. It was founded by the Tuareg as a seasonal camp sometime after 1000. As part of the Mali empire, Timbuktu became a major major terminus of the trans-Saharan trade and a center of Islamic learning
A large empire in West Africa whose capital was Timbuktu; its rulers accepted Islam around the year 1000, traded on Trans-Saharan routes, imported horses, towns/cities grew because of trade
The trade of spices from Asia and India to Italian and Muslim merchants who would then trade it to Europeans
Different between trade in East Africa and west Africa
In East Africa only main trade center Zimbabwe but in West Africa trading arose many Kingdoms as trading center, Ghana, Mali and Songhai. East Africa trade mainly cloth, pottery, manufacture goods, for gold and fur, and slaves. and West African mainly gold and salt
China as trader
invented the magnetic compass, to navigated. Zheng He trade silks and pottery for spices, gems, medical herbs and Ivory
(1371-1433) Chinese naval explorer who sailed along most of the coast of Asia, Japan, and half way down the east coast of Africa he fleet of more than 300 giant ships. visited 30 nations for trading.
is the science of locating positions and plotting the course of ships
An ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea extending some 6,440 km (4,000 mi) and linking China with the Roman Empire. Marco Polo followed the route on his journey to Cathay.
A different way to say or do something. Silk decline because alternative sea routes were discovered.
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