143 terms

Mnemonics for Memorizing

STUDY
PLAY
HYPERNATREMIA FRIED SALT
FRIED
F - Fever (low), flushed skin
R - Restless (irritable)
I - Increased fluid retention & increased BP
E - Edema (peripheral and pitting)
D - Decreased urinary output, dry mouth
SALT
S - Skin flushed
A - Agitation
L - Low-grade fever
T - Thirst
CAUSE: MODEL
Medications, meals
Osmotic diuretics
Diabetes insipidus
Excessive water loss
Low water intake
HYPERKALEMIA MURDER & SALT
Signs & Symptoms
MURDER
M - Muscle weakness
U - Urine, oliguria, anuria
R - Respiratory distress
D - Decreased cardiac contractility
E - ECG changes
R - Reflexes, hyperreflexia, or areflexia (flaccid)
Causes
MACHINE
M - Medications - ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS
A - Acidosis - Metabolic and respiratory
C - Cellular destruction - Burns, traumatic injury
H - Hypoaldosteronism/ hemolysis
I - Intake - Excessive
N - Nephrons, renal failure
E - Excretion - Impaired
HYPOCALCEMIA CATS
CATS
C - Convulsions
A - Arrhythmias
T - Tetany
S - Spasms and stridor
RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION - inducing drugs STOP breathing
STOP breathing
S - Sedatives and hypnotics
T - Trimethoprim
O - Opiates
P - Polymyxins
PNEUMOTHORAX - S/Sx P-THORAX
P-THORAX
P - Pleuretic pain
T - Trachea deviation
H - Hyperresonance
O - Onset sudden
R - Reduced breath sounds (& dypsnea)
A - Absent fremitus
X - X-ray shows collapse
PNEUMONIA -risk factors INSPIRATION
INSPIRATION
I - Immunosuppression
N - Neoplasia
S - Secretion retention
P - Pulmonary oedema
I - Impaired alveolar macrophages
R - RTI (prior)
A - Antibiotics & cytotoxics
T - Tracheal instrumentation
I - IV dug abuse
O - Other (general debility, immobility)
N - Neurologic impairment of cough reflex, (eg NMJ disorders)
SHORTNESS OF BREATH - Causes AAAAPPPP
AAAAPPPP
A - Airway obstruction
A - Angina
A - Anxiety
A - Asthma
P - Pneumonia
P - Pneumothorax
P - Pulmonary Edema
P - Pulmonary Embolus
ATRIAL FIBRILLATION: CAUSES OF NEW ONSET THE ATRIAL FIBS:
THE ATRIAL FIBS:
Thyroid
Hypothermia
Embolism (P.E.)
Alcohol
Trauma (cardiac contusion)
Recent surgery (post CABG)
Ischemia
Atrial enlargement
Lone or idiopathic
Fever, anemia, high-output states
Infarct
Bad valves (mitral stenosis)
Stimulants (cocaine, theo, amphet, caffeine)
MI: IMMEDIATE TREATMENT DOGASH:
DOGASH:
Diamorphine
Oxygen
GTN spray
Asprin 300mg
Streptokinase
Heparin

MONA
Morphine
Oxygen
Nitrates
Asprin
SHOCK: SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS TV SPARC CUBE:
TV SPARC CUBE:
Thirst
Vomiting
Sweating
Pulse weak
Anxious
Respirations shallow/rapid
Cool
Cyanotic
Unconscious
BP low
Eyes blank
SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE (SAH) CAUSES BATS
BATS:
Berry aneurysm
Arteriovenous malformation/ Adult polycystic kidney disease
Trauma (eg being struck with baseball bat)
Stroke
VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION: TREATMENT "Shock, Shock, Shock, Everybody Shock, Little Shock, Big Shock, Momma Shock, Poppa Shock":
"Shock, Shock, Shock, Everybody Shock, Little Shock, Big Shock, Momma Shock, Poppa Shock":
Shock= Defibrillate
Everybody= Epinephine
Little= Lidocaine
Big= Bretylium
Momma= MgSO4
Poppa= Pocainamide
VFIB/VTACH DRUGS USED ACCORDING TO ACLS "Every Little Boy Must Pray":
"Every Little Boy Must Pray":
Epinephrine
Lidocaine
Bretylium
Magsulfate
Procainamide
DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS MANAGEMENT KING UFC:
KING UFC:
K+ (potassium)
Insulin (5u/hour. Note: sliding scale no longer recommended in the UK)
Nasogastic tube (if patient comatose)
Glucose (once serum levels drop to 12)
Urea (check it)
Fluids (crytalloids)
Creatinine (check it)/ Catheterize
MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA TREATMENT"Some Hot Dude Better Give Iced Fluids Fast!" (Hot dude = hypothermia):
"Some Hot Dude Better Give Iced Fluids Fast!" (Hot dude = hypothermia):
Stop triggering agents
Hyperventilate/ Hundred percent oxygen
Dantrolene (2.5mg/kg)
Bicarbonate
Glucose and insulin
IV Fluids and cooling blanket
Fluid output monitoring/ Furosemide/ Fast heart [tachycardia]
RESUSCITATION: BASIC STEPS ABCDE:
ABCDE:
Airway
Breathing
Circulation
Drugs
Environment
Acid-base—"ROME" (Respiratory Opposite, Metabolic Equal)
"ROME" (Respiratory Opposite, Metabolic Equal)
Acidosis
» Respiratory (opposite): pH Pco2
» Metabolic(equal): pH HCO3
Alkalosis
» Respiratory (opposite): pH Pco2
» Metabolic(equal): pH HCO3
Alcohol withdrawal: clinical features—"HITS"
clinical features—"HITS"
Hallucinations (visual, tactile)
Increased vital signs and insomnia
Tremens delirium tremens (potentially lethal)
Shakes/ Sweats/ Seizures/ Stomach pains (nausea, vomiting)
Angina: precipitating factors—"4E's"
precipitating factors—"4E's"
Eating
Emotion
Exertion (Exercise)
Extreme Temperatures (Hot or Cold weather)
Anorexia nervosa: clinical features—"ANOREXIC"
clinical features—"ANOREXIC"
Adolescent women/ Amenorrhea
NGT alimentation (most severe cases)
Obsession with losing weight/ becoming fat though underweight
Refusal to eat (5% die)
Electrolyte abnormalities (e.g., K+, cardiac arrhythmia)
X - ercise
Intelligence often above average/ Induced vomiting
Cathartic use (and diuretic abuse)
Appendicitis: assessment—"PAINS"
assessment—"PAINS"
Pain (RLQ)
Anorexia
Increased temperature, WBC (15,000-20,000)
Nausea
Signs (McBurney's, Psoas)
Blood glucose (rhyme)Symptom Implication
Symptom Implication
Cold and clammy . . . give hard candy
Hot and dry . . . glucose is high
Cholecystitis: risk factors—"5F's"
Female
Fat
Forty
Fertile
Fair
Cleft lip: nursing care plan (postoperative)—"CLEFT LIP"
"CLEFT LIP"
Crying, minimize
Logan bow
Elbow restraints
Feed with Brecht feeder
Teach feeding techniques; two months of age (average age at repair)
Liquid (sterile water), rinse after feeding
Impaired feeding (no sucking)
Position—never on abdomen
Cognitive disorders: assessment of difficulties—JOCAM
"JOCAM"
Judgment
Orientation
Confabulation
Affect
Memory
Coma: causes—"A-E-I-O-U TIPS"
"A-E-I-O-U TIPS"
Alcohol, acidosis (hyperglycemic coma)
Epilepsy (also electrolyte abnormality, endocrine problem)
Insulin (hypoglycemic shock)
Overdose (or poisoning)
Uremia and other renal problems
Trauma; temperature abnormalities (hypothermia, heat stroke)
Infection (e.g., meningitis)
Psychogenic ("hysterical coma")
Stroke or space-occupying lesions in the cranium
Complication of severe preeclampsia—"HELLP" syndrome
"HELLP"
H- emolysis
E- levated
L- iver function tests
L- ow
P- latelet count
Cushing's syndrome: symptoms—"3S's"
"3S's"
Sugar (hyperglycemia)
Salt (hypernatremia)
Sex (excess androgens)
Diabetes: signs and symptoms—"3P's,"
"3P's,"
Polydipsia (very thirsty)
Polyphagia (very hungry)
Polyuria (urinary frequency)
Diet: low cholesterol—avoid the "3C's"
avoid the "3C's"
Cake
Cookies
Cream (dairy, e.g., milk, ice cream)
Episiotomy assessment—"REEDA"
"REEDA"
Redness
Edema
Ecchymosis
Discharge
Approximation of skin
Eye medications
Mydriatic = dilated pupils
Miotic = tiny (constricted) pupils
Hypertension: complications—"4 C's"
"4 C's"
CAD (coronary artery disease)
CHF (congestive heart failure)
CRF (chronic renal failure)
CVA (cardiovascular accident; now called brain attack or stroke)
Hypertension: nursing care plan— "I-TIRED"
"I-TIRED"
Intake and output (urine)
Take blood pressure
Ischemia attack, transient (watch for TIAs)
Respiration, pulse
Electrolytes
Daily weight
Hypoglycemia: signs and symptoms—"DIRE"
"DIRE"
Diaphoresis
Increased pulse
Restless
Extra hungry
Infections during pregnancy—"TORCH"
"TORCH"
Toxoplasmosis
Other (hepatitis B, syphilis, group B beta strep)
Rubella
Cytomegalovirus
Herpes simplex virus
IUD: potential problems with use—"PAINS"
"PAINS"
Period (menstrual: late, spotting, bleeding)
Abdominal pain, dyspareunia
Infection (abnormal vaginal discharge)
Not feeling well, fever or chills
String missing
Manipulation: nursing plan—promote the "3C's"
"3C's"
Cooperation
Compromise
Collaboration
Mental retardation: nursing care plan—"3R's"
"3R's"
Regularity (provide routine and structure)
Reward (positive reinforcement)
Redundancy (repeat)
Myocardial infarction: treatment—"MONA"
"MONA"
Monitor/ Morphine
Oxygen
Nitroglycerin
Aspirin
Newborn assessment components—"APGAR"
"APGAR"
Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Respiratory effort
Obstetric (maternity) history—"GTPAL"
"GTPAL"
Gravida
Term
Preterm
Abortions (SAB, TAB)
Living children
Oral contraceptives: signs of potential problems—"ACHES"
"ACHES"
Abdominal pain (possible liver or gallbladder problem)
Chest pain or shortness of breath (possible pulmonary embolus)
Headache (possible hypertension, brain attack)
Eye problems (possible hypertension or vascular accident)
Severe leg pain (possible thromboembolic process)
Pain: assessment—"PQRST"
"PQRST"
What Provokes the pain?
What is the Quality of the pain?
Does the pain Radiate?
What is the Severity of the pain?
What is the Timing of the pain?
Pain: management—"ABCs"
"ABCs"
Ask about the pain
Believe when clients say they have pain
Choices—let clients know their choices
Deliver what you can, when you said you would
Empower/Enable clients' control over pain
Postoperative complications: order—"4W's"
"4W's"
Wind (pulmonary)
Wound
Water (urinary tract infection)
Walk (thrombophlebitis)
Preterm infant: anticipated problems—"TRIES"
"TRIES"
Temperature regulation (poor)
Resistance to infections (poor)
Immature liver
Elimination problems (necrotizing enterocolitis [NEC])
Sensory-perceptual functions (retinopathy of prematurity [ROP])
Psychotropic medications: common antidepressives (tricyclics) —"VENT"
"VENT"
Vivactil
Elavil
Norpramin
Tofranil
Schizophrenia: primary symptoms—"4A's"
"4A's"
Affect
Ambivalence
Associative looseness
Autism
Sprain: nursing care plan—"RICE"
"RICE"
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
Stool assessment—"ACCT"
"ACCT"
Amount
Color
Consistency
Timing
Tracheoesophageal fistula: assessment—"3Cs"
"3Cs"
Coughing
Choking
Cyanosis
Traction: nursing care plan—"TRACTION"
"TRACTION"
Trapeze bar overhead to raise and lower upper body
Requires free-hanging weights; body alignment
Analgesia for pain, prn
Circulation (check color and pulse)
Temperature (check extremity)
Infection prevention
Output (monitor)
Nutrition (alteration related to immobility)
Transient ischemic attacks: assessment—"3Ts"
"3Ts"
Temporary unilateral visual impairment
Transient paralysis (one-sided)
Tinnitus = vertigo
Trauma care: complications—"TRAUMA"
"TRAUMA"
Thromboembolism; Tissue perfusion, altered
Respiration, altered
Anxiety related to pain and prognosis
Urinary elimination, altered
Mobility impaired
Alterations in sensory-perceptual functions and skin integrity (infections)
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (alcohol-associated neurological disorder)—"COAT RACK"
"COAT RACK"
Wernicke's encephalopathy (acute phase)
clinical features:
Confusion
Ophthalmoplegia
Ataxia Thiamine is an important aspect of Tx Korsakoff's psychosis (chronic phase)
characteristic findings:
Retrograde amnesia (recall of some old memories)
Anterograde amnesia (ability to form new memories)
Confabulation
Korsakoff's psychosis
Basic MI management - "BOOMAR"
"BOOMAR"
Bed rest
Oxygen
Opiate
Monitoring
Anticoagulation
Reduce clot size
Location of the heart valve from right to left - "A Permanently Temperamental Man"
"A Permanently Temperamental Man"
Aortic
Pulmonary
Tricuspid
Mitral
"Cut C4, breathe no more"
The 3rd, 4th and 5th cervical spinal nerves innervate the diaphragm.
Cranial Nerves - "Oh Ohh Ohhh To Try And Fit A Gold Velvet So Heavenly"
"Oh Ohh Ohhh To Try And Fit A Gold Velvet So Heavenly"
Olfactory CN I
Optic CN II
Occulomotor CN III
Trochlear CN IV
Trigeminal CN V
Abducens CN VI
Facial CN VII
Auditory CN VIII
Glasopharyngeal CN IX
Vagus CN X
Spinal/Accessory CN XI
Hypoglossal CN XII
Uses of Chloroquine (other than malaria) - "RED LIP"
"RED LIP"
Rheumatoid arthritis
Extra intestinal amoebiasis
Discoid lupus erythematosus
Lepra reaction
Infectious mononucleosis
Photogenic reactions
Bronchodilators - "TO A SIS"
"TO A SIS"
Terbutaline
Orciprenaline
Adrenaline
Salbutamol
Isoprenaline
Salmeterol
Signs of cor pulmonale - "Please Read His Text"
"Please Read His Text"
Peripheral edema
Raised JVP
Hepatomegaly
Tricuspid incompetence
Portal hypertension features - "ABCDE"
"ABCDE"
Ascites
Bleeding (hematemesis, piles)
Caput medusae
Diminished liver
Enlarged spleen
Key questions needed in an emergency history taking situation - "AMPLE"
Allergies
Medication
Past medical history
Last meal
Events and environment related to injury
Malignancies that metastisize to bone - "Laging Panalo Kung Taga Bulacan"
"Laging Panalo Kung Taga Bulacan"
Lung
Prostat
Kidney
Thyroid
Breast
Six "S" in Scarlet Fever
Streptococci causal organism
Sorethroat
Swollen tonsils
Strawberry tongue
Sandpaper rash
miliarySudamina vesicles over hands, feet, abdomen
Signs of anti-cholinergic crisis - "SLUD"
"SLUD"
Salivation
Lacrimation
Urination
Defecation
Causes of huge spleen - "3M's"
"3M's
Myelofibrosis
Malaria
Myelogenous leukemia
Cardinal Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease - "TRAP"
"TRAP"
Tremor
Rigidity
Akinesia and bradykinesia
Postural Instability
Days of appearance of rashesVaricella(chickenpox) - "Very Sick Patients Must Take Double Exercise"
"Very Sick Patients Must Take Double Exercise"
1st dayScarlet fever
2nd dayPox(smallpox)
3rd dayMumps
4th dayTyphus
5th dayDengue
6th dayEnteric fever(typhoid)
SHOCK - HYPOTACHYTACHY
HYPOTENSION
TACHYPNEA
TACHYCARDIA
INCREASE ICP - HYPERBRADYBRADY
CUSHINGS TRIAD:
HYPERTENSION (WIDE PULSE PRESSURE)
BRADYCARDIA
BRADYPNEA
HYPOGLYCEMIA
TREMORS, TACHYCARDIA
IRRITABILITY
RESTLESSNESS
EXTREME
DIAPHORESIS
EARLY SIGNS OF HYPOXIA
RESTLESSNESS
AGITATION
TACHYCARDIA
LATE SIGNS OF HYPOXIA
BRADYCARDIA
EXTREME RESTLESSNESS
DYSPNEA
CYANOSIS
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
DIGOXIN
MORPHINE
AMINOPHYLLINE
DOPAMINE
DIURETICS
O2
GASSES - MONITOR (ABG)
MG SO4 TOXICITY
BP DECREASE
URINE OUTPUT DECREASE
RESPIRATORY RATE DECREASE
PATELLAR REFLEX ABSENT
SICKLE CELL DISEASE
HYDRATION
OXYGENATION
PAIN
INFECTION
AVOID HIGH PLACES
PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION
HEMOLYSIS
ELEVATED LIVER ENZYMES
LOW
PLATELETS
GI SYMPTOMS AND TOXICITY TO DIGOXIN
VOMITING
ANOREXIA
NAUSEA
DIARRHEA
ABDOMINAL PAIN
FRACTURE
PRESSURE
REST
ICE
COMPRESSION
ELEVATION
HYPOKALEMIA
SKELETAL MUSCLE WEAKNESS
U-WAVE ON ECG
CONSTIPATION
TOXICITY TO DIGOXIN
IRREGULAR WEAK PULSE
OTOSTASIS
NUMBNESS PARESTHESIA

Signs and Symptoms
6 L's
Lethargy
Leg cramps
Limp muscles
Low, shallow respirations
Lethal cardiac dysrhythmias
Lots of urine (polyuria)
NEUROVASCULAR CHECK
PAIN
PULSELESSNESS
PARESTHESIA
PARALYSIS
PALLOR
ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURISM (4A)
ASSYMPTOMATIC
ABDOMINAL MASS
ABDOMINAL PULSE
ACHES LOW BACK
ANTI TB DRUGS AND SIDE EFFECTS
RIFAMPICIN - RED-ORANGE URINE
ISONIAZID - PERIPHERAL NEURITIS
PYRAZINAMIDE - INCREASE URIC ACID
ETHAMBUTOL - EYE PROBLEMS
STREPTOMYCIN - OTOTOXIC
Use a star as these drugs stain the teeth
Inflammation (HIPER)
H-eat
I-nduration
P-ain
E-dema
R-edness
Adrenal Gland Hormones (SSS)
S-ugar (Glucocorticoids)
S-alt (Mineralcorticoids)
S-ex (Androgens)
Pulmonary Edema (MAD DOG)
M-Morphine
A-Aminophylline
D- Digitalis

D-Diuretics (Lasix)
O- Oxygen
G- ases (Blood Gases ABG's)
Hypertension Nursing Care (DIURETIC)
D-aily Weight
I- ntake and Output (I & O)
U- rine Output
R-esponse of BP
E-lectrolytes
T-ake Pulses
I-schemic Episodes (TIA)
C-omplications: 4C's
4 C's of Hypertension (Complications)
C- Coronary Artery Disease
C- Coronary Rheumatic Fever
C- Congestive Heart Failurehttp://quizlet.com/create_set/#remove-row
C- Cardio Vascular Accident
Complications of Trauma Client (TRAUMATIC)
T-issue Perfusion Problems
R-espiratory Problems
A-nxiety
U-nstable Clotting Factors
M-alnutrition
A-ltered Body Image
T-hromboembolism
I-nfection
C-oping Problems
OB Non-Stress Test (NNN)
3 negatives in a row to interpret results of Non-Stress Test
N - Non-reactive
N - Non- Stress is
N - Not good
Assessment Tests for Fetal Well-Being (ALONE)
A- Amniocentesis
L- L/S Ratio
O - Oxytocin Test
N - Non-Stress Test
E - Estriol Level
Evalution of Episiotomy Healing (REEDA)
R- Redness
E- Edema
E - Ecchymosis
D - Discharge, Drainage
A - Approximation
Post-Partum Assessment (BUBBLE)
B-reasts
U-terus
B-owels
B-ladder
L-ochia
E-pisiotomy/lateration/C-section incision
Bleeding Precautions (RANDI)
R- Razor Electric/ Blades
A- Aspirin
N- No needles (esp. in small gauge)
D- Do decrease in needle sticks)
I - Injury (Protect from)
Canes and Walkers (COAL & WWAL)
C- Cane
O- Opposite
A- Affected
L- Leg

W- Walker
W- With
A- Affected
L - Leg
Common Causes of Transient Incontinence (DIAPPERS)
D-elirium
I-nfection
A-trophic Urethra
P-harmaceuticals
P-sychologic
E-xcess Urine Output
R-estricted Mobility
S-tool Impaction
Promotion of Normal Elimination (POOPER SCOOP)
P-osition
O-utput
O-ffer Fluids
P-rivacy
E-xercise
R-eport Results

S-ize (Amount)
C-onsistency
O-ccult Blood
O-dor
P-eristalsis
Emergency Trauma Assessment
(ABCDEFGHI)
A-irway
B-reathing
C-irculation
D-isability
E-xamine
F-ahrenheit
G-et Vitals
H-ead to Toe Assessment
I-ntervention
Trauma Surgery (AMPLE)
after initial assessment
A-llergies
M-edications
P-ast Medical History
L-ast Meal
E-vents Surrounding Injury
Lidocaine Toxicity (SAMS)
S-lurred Speech
A-ltered Central Nervous System
M-uscle Twitching
S-eizures
TDCI (These Drugs Can Interact)
T - Theophyline
D - Dilantin
C - Coumadin
I - losone (Erythromycin)
Serious Complications of Oral Birth Control Pills (ACHES)
A- Abdominal Pain
C - Chest Pain
H - Headache
E - Eye Problems
S - Severe Leg Pain
Emergency Drugs to LEAN on
L- Lidocaine
E - Epinephrine
A- Atropine Sulfate
N - Narcan
Drugs for Bradycardia & low BP (IDEA)
I - Isoproterenol
D - Dopamine
E - Epinephrine
A - Atropine Sulfate
Depression Assessment (SIG)
S-leep Disturbances
I-nterest Decreased
G-uilty Feelings
Energy Decreased (CAPS)
C-oncentration decreased
A-ppetite
P-sychomotor function decreased
S-uicidal Ideations
5 A's to Alzheimer Diagnosis
A-mnesia
A-nomia
A-praxia
A-gnosia
A-phasia
Major Symptoms of a Manic Attack (DIG FAST)
D- Distractibility
I - Indiscretion
G - Grandiosity

F- Flight of Ideas
A- Activity Increase
S- Sleep Deficit
T - Talkative
Symptoms of Leukemia (ANT)
A- Anemia
N- Neutropenia
T- Thrombocytopenia
Exercise Guide for Diabetic Fitness (FIT)
F - Frequency (3x per week)
I - Intensity (60-80% of Maximal Heart Rate)
T- Time (Aerobic Activity)
Symptoms of Hypoxia (in Pediatrics) - FINES
F-eeding difficulty
I-nspiratory Stridor
N-ares Flares
E-xpiratory Grunting
S-ternal Retractions
Epiglottitis (AIR RAID)
A-irway Closed
I-ncreased Pulse
R-estlessness

R-etractions
A-nxiety Increased
I-nspiratory Stridor
D-rooling
Treating CHF (UNLOAD FAST)
U-pright Position
N-itrates (in low dose)
L-asix
O-xygen
A-minophylline
D-igoxin

F-luids (decrease)
A-fterload (decrease)
S-odium restriction
T-est (Dig level, ABGs, K level)
DEMENTIA
Make sure they don't have problems with:

D-rug and alcohol
E-yes and ears
M-etabolic and endocrine disorders
E-motional disorders
N-eurologic disorders
T-umors and trauma
I-nfection
A-rteriovascular disease
Osteoporosis Risk Factors (ACCESS)
A-lcohol Use
C-orticosteroid Use
C-alcium low
E-strogen low
S-moking
S-edentary lifestyle/s

ACCESS leads to OSTEOPOROSIS
Who needs dialysis? (Check the vowels: AEIOU)
A- Acid-Base Problems
E- Electrolyte Problems
I- Intoxications
O- Overload of fluids
U - Uremic Symptoms
Prostate Problems are no... FUN
F- Frequency
U- Urgency
N- Nocturia
BRAT Diet (for severe dehydration)
B- Banana
R- Rice
A- Apple
T- Toasted Bread
Gluten Free Diet (ROW)
R- Rye
O- Oats
W- Wheat
Assess Changes in Senile Dementia (JAMCO)
J- Judgment
A- Affect
M- Memory
C- Cognition
O- Orientation
3 P's of Diabetes Mellitus - Type 1 Signs & Symptoms
P- Polyuria (excessive urination)
P- Polydypsia (excessive thirst)
P- Polyphagia (excessive hunger)
Right-Sided Heart Failure (HEAD)
H- Hepatomegaly
E- Edema (Bipedal)
A- Ascites
D- Distended Neck Vein
Left-Sided Heart Failure (CHOP)
C- Cough
H- Hemoptysis
O- Orthopnea
P- Pulmonary Congestion (crackles/ rales)
Hyperkalemia Management (KIND)
K- Kayexalate (orally/ enema)
I- Insulin
N- Na HCO3
D- Diuretics (Furosemide & Thiazides)
Management of Myocardial Infarction (MONATAS)
M- Morphine
O- Oxygen
N- Nitrates (Nitroglycerin)
A- Aspirin (ASA)
T- Thormbolytics
A- Anti-Coagulants
S- Stool Softeners
Electrolytes - PISO
P- Potassium
I- Inside
S- Sodium
O- Outside
Eating Disorder: ANOREXIA
A-menorrhea delayed
N-o organic factors accounts for weight loss
O-bviously thin but feels FAT
R-efusal to maintain normal body weight
E-pigastric discomfort is common
X-symptoms (peculiar symptoms)
I-ntense fears of gaining weight
A-lways thinking of foods
Eating Disorder: BULIMIA
B-inge eating
U-nder strict dieting
L-acks control over-eating
I-nduced vomiting
M-inimum of to binge eating episodes
I-ncrease/Persistent concern of body size/shape
A-buse of diuretics & laxatives
Findings of a Bulimia client: WASHED
W-eight loss of 15% of original body weight
A-menorrhea
S-ocial withdrawal
H-istory of high activity & achievement
E-lectrolyte Imbalance
D-epression/ Distorted Body Image
Outcome of Alcoholism: BAD
B- Brain Damage
A- Alcoholic Hallucinosis
D- Death
5 D's of Behavioral Problems of Alcoholism
D- Denial
D- Dependency
D- Demanding
D- Destructive
D- Domineering
Situations requiring Crisis Situation: RAPE
R- Ruthless
A- Abusive
P- Personal
E- Experience
Warning Signs of a Child Abuse/ Neglect: CHILD ABUSE
C-hild's excessive knowledge on sex & abusive words
H-air growth in various lengths
I-nconsistent stories from the child & parent/s
L-ow self-esteem
D-epression

A-pathy, no emotion
B-ruised
U-nusual injuries
S-erious injuries
E-vidence of old injuries not reported
S/S of Hyponatremia
S tupor/coma
A norexia, N&V
L ethargy
T endon reflexes decreased

L imp muscles (weakness)
O rthostatic hypotension
S eizures/headache
S tomach cramping
Beta Blockers
B1 Blocks the heart (you have only one heart)
B2 Blocks the lungs (you have two lungs)
Nine-point Postpartum Assessment.
BUBBLEHER
B- Breasts
U- Uterus
B- Bladder
B- Bowel function
L- Lochia
E- Episiotomy
H- Homan's sign
E- Emotional Status
R- Respiratory System
Parkinson's Medications: "Ali Loves Boxing Matches"
A-Amantadine
L- Levodopa
B- Bromocriptine
M-MAO inhibitors
Hyponatremia: Signs and Symptoms
SALT
Stupor/coma
Anorexia
Lethargy
Tendon reflexes decreased

LOSS
Limp muscles
Orthostatic hypotension
Seizures/headache
Stomach cramps
Hypercalcemia
Signs and Symptoms

I remember by the rhyme: Groans, Moans, Bones, Stones, and Overtones

Groans: constipation
Moans: pain - joint aches
Bones: loss of calcium from bones, bone metastasis
Stones: kidney stones
Overtones: psychiatric overtones - depression, confusion
Coronary Arteries
Right = Right
C=oronary
A=Artery
M=Marginal Artery
P=Posterior Interventricular Artery

Left=Left
A=Anterior Interventricular Artery
C=Circumflex Artery
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