How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

105 terms

Alh-122 Midterm

Chapters 5-8
STUDY
PLAY
Cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Circulatory
blood transportation and delivery system
Ventricle
chambers of the heart
Valve
a flap to insure one-way flow
Lumen
The inside of the a hollow organ (e.g., the somach, intestines, bladder, etc.) or a tube (e.g., blood vessels, ureters, etc.)
Artery
a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart
Vasodialation
a blood vessel becomes larger in diameter
Vasoconstriction
Constriction of blood vessel that causes it to become smaller.
Carotid
artery supplies blood to the neck and head
Axillary
Pertaining to the armpit or underarm.
Brachial
Artery to the upper arm.
Radial
thumb side of the wrist
Popliteal
area behind the knee
Systemic
of or pertaining to the entire body;
Diastolic
the blood pressure when the hearts venticles are relaxing
-ac
pertaining to
-al
Pertaining To
-ar
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-ic
Pertaining To
-ory
having the function of
Hemorrhage
Excessive bleeding
Septicemia
Blood poisoning
Morphology
the study of shape
anemia
lack of red blood cells
aplastic
loss of functioning red bone marrow
thalassemia
an inherited form of anemia
transfusion
infusion of blood or blood components into the bloodstream
hemolysis
destruction of red blood cells
Hemolytic
destroying worn-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse
immunodeficiency
immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
immunocomprised
immune system becomes impaired
leukemia
increase in cancerous white blood cells
cancer
a malignant tumor;
in which the cells begin dividing at an uncontrolled rate and become invasive
myeloma
a tumor of the bone marrow
thrombosis
abnormal clotting
embolism
n. An obstruction an artery or blood-vessel.
hemophilia
inherited bleeding disorder
petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhages
ecchymoses
bruising
aspiration
SUCTION
immunization
antigen to resist or overcome infection.
plasmapheresis
removal of plasma
anticoagulant
Blood thinner;
prevents blood clotting
HCT
Hematrocrit
H&H
hemoglobin and hematocrit
HGB
hemoglobin
Necrotic
the death of tissue;
or organ caused by disease or injury.
gangrene
Bacterial Decay;
death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacteria invasion
pallor
Pale;
an extreme or unnatural paleness
Abrasion
Scrape;
or surface damage, stratum basale cells migrate, mitosis
Blister
skin filled with serous fluid
bulla
Larger blister
Anesthsia
Without feeling
eschar
a dry scab;
formed on the skin following a burn or cauterization of the skin
Callus
thick or hard skin from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)
keloid
raised scar
decubitus
Pressure sore; bed sore
ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin;
inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
excoriation
a scratch mark
laceration
a cut, a rip
abcess
Pus pocket;
Localized collection of pus
furuncle
boil;
a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle; caused by staphylococcosis
carbuncle
Larger boil;
an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus
Cellulitis
Inflammation of cells
herpes
Viral Skin infection;
inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisters in clusters
shingles
caused by the same virus as chicken pox;
viral infection of sensory neurons serving the skin; scaly, painful blisters
tinea
infection of the skin caused by a fungus
pediculosis
lice
Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin;
contact dermatitis, caused by contact with an irritant
uticaria
hives;
vascular reaction of the skin marked by transient appearance of wheals
wheal
a raised mark on the skin; hive
benign
noncancerous;
not harmful; a description of a tumor that is not able to spread from one area to another
malignancy
cancerous growth.being evil and mean, harmful
melanoma
skin tumor;
black tumor
debridement
removal of dead tissue;
from a wound or burn site to promote healing and prevent infection
exudate
pus or secretion of pus
incision
the cutting into body tissues or organs;
I/D
Incision and drainage
autograft
tissue that is taken from one site on the same person
allograft
skin graft from another person or cadaver
xenograft
skin graft taken from another species (usually a pig) to a human
kyphosis
exaggerated posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (hunchback)
lordosis
swayback
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped curve)
degenerative
disease caused by progressive destruction;
of cells due to disease or the aging process.
sprain
a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
traction
a pull to the arm or leg muscles to bring a bone back into place when it is dislocated or fractured
ORIF
open reduction and internal fixation
ROM
Range of motion
BKA
Below the knee amputation
Closed fracture
broken bone with no open wound
open fracture
bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
nondisplaced fracture
Fracture where bone ends retain their normal position
displaced fracture
fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
colles' fracture
Broken bone occurring in the wrist at the lower end of the radius.
comminuted fracture
fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
compression fracture
bone is compressed; often occurs in vertebrae
depressed fracture
fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
greenstick fracture
partial fracture - will bend on one side and break on the other
hairline fracture
very thin break line w/ the bone pieces still together
oblique fracture
fracture at an angle to the bone
spiral fracture
Bone twists, resulting in one or more breaks.
transverse fracture
occurs straight across the bone