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solution containing ions that react with added acids or bases and minimize their effects on pH
chemical reaction that occurs when the H30+ ions from an acid react with the OH- ions from a base t produce water molecules
A measure of the concentration of hydronium ions in a solution using a scale ranging from 0 to 14, with 0 being the most acidic and 14 being the most-basic
a compound formed when the negative ions from an acid combine with the positive ions from a base
organic salts with nonpolar, hydrocarbon ends that interact with oils and dirt and polar ends thats helps them dissolve in water
process in which a solution of known concentration is used to determine the concentration of another solution
Properties of Base
bitter taste, slippery, Crystalline solid in the undissolved state, corrosive, turns litmus blue
Dissociation of Acids
When an acid dissolves in water, the negative areas of near by water molecules attract the positive hydrogen in the acid- Hydronium ions formed (H3O+)
Dissociation of Bases
When bases that contain -OH dissolve in water, the negative areas of near by water molecules attract the positive ion in the base- Hydroxide (-OH) ions produced
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