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Voyage of the Challenger
These are questions to review for Unit 2 Test for Aqua Science
Terms in this set (28)
What English ship explored the unknown sea bottom?
What is FLORA and FAUNA?
PLANTS and ANIMAL life
What did the HMS Challenger Ship set out to accomplish? What was their main goal?
They were the FIRST global research expedition. They wanted to make new discoveries by collecting samples and studying sea life.
BEFORE the Challenger, who was the first person to sound the deep?
Who organized the Challenger expedition?
Charles Wyville Thomson
What kind of ship did the expedition ask for?
They wanted a vessel that could carry out scientific investigation.
What type of ship was the Challenger?
It was a steam-powered ship. This is also called a "CORVETTE"
What kind of equipment was aboard the Challenger?
Scientific equipment. They removed all but two of the ship's guns.
What ship did DARWIN sail upon?
What types of tests were conducted on the Challenger?
sounding, trawling, and dredging
How many stations were observed on the Challenger?
In really deep water, how long might it take to reach the bottom of the ocean?
More than an hour and a half
Who did which job on a dredge?
The NAVAL OFFICERS had to stand for 10-12 hours making sure the dredges were working correctly to haul up specimens from the ocean floor. The NATURALISTS studied the specimens once they were hauled onto the ship.
What happened to one of the ship's dogs on the Challenger?
The penguins defended one of their nests and pecked one of the dogs to death.
What does the warning of the ANCIENT MARINER mean?
It is a warning to respect nature or the POLAR GODS will punish you. The ship's crew do not kill any of the WHITE ALBATROSS, because it is bad luck.
What are 10 countries the CHALLENGER explored?
C.H.A.T.S.=China, Hawaiian Islands, Admiralties, Tahiti, South america. AND P.A.N.-F.J.=Pacific islands, Australia, New zealand, Fiji, Japan. To Help you remember: CHATS, PAN, FJ
What was the deepest sounding made by the Challenger?
WHERE was the deepest sounding made?
Off the Mairai Island
How many crew members were on the Challenger?
How many members of the crew died?
What did the crew members die from?
Drowning, yellow fever, accidents, various causes
How many volumes of information were obtained by the Challenger?
How many specimens were collected by the Challenger?
The Challenger proved that.....?
Life exists at great depths in the sea.
Summarized volumes of information were written by...?
Sir John Murray
What is a "BATHYBIUS"?
Scientists used to believe it was the source of all organic life, but they later decided that this substance they found wasn't really the source of all living things
To what kinds of sciences do the Challenger discoveries contribute?
Geology, zoology, geography
The Challenger disproved which famous myth?
They proved that the Lost Continent of Atlantis doesn't really exist.
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