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Physiology Chapter 13 Challenge Questions
Terms in this set (15)
How does a transient ischemic attack (TIA) differ from a CVA?
1. A CVA cause's permanent injury
2. TIA causes temporary injury of about 24 hours.
What are some of the likely causes of epidural and subdural hematomas? Which condition is more likely to have a delayed onset of symptoms?
Head trauma from falling or car accidents.
Subdural hematomas have a delay of symptoms.
Which condition is more serious, a cerebral concussion or cerebral contusion? Why?
A cerebral contusion because it results in injury deep within the brain.
What is the relationship between the location of a spinal cord injury and the signs and symptoms?
Location of the injury on the spinal cord creates symptoms on the part of the body lower than the point of injury.
Which diagnostic findings may indicate a degeneration or rupture of an intervertebral disk?
An MRI shows the narrowing of the intervertebral spaces.
How does spinal stenosis contribute to sciatic pain?
The rupture or degeneration puts pressure on the sciatic nerve causing pulses to be sent down the sciatic nerve
Are headaches always a symptom of an underlying disease? What are some causative factors of cephalgia?
- Too much or too little sleep
- over eating or over drinking
- heavy physical labor.
What are the different types of epileptic seizures?
- Partial or generalized
What are the characteristic signs and symptoms of (a) Parkinson's disease (b) Huntington's chorea, and (c) amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)?
a. Parkinson - tremors in the hand, arms legs, or face. Stooped posture.
b. Huntington - mild fidgeting, tongue smacking, difficulty speaking, personality changes.
c. ALS - involuntary muscular contractions, weakness in hands, difficulties in: speech, chewing, swallowing, and breathing.
What are suggested causes of and treatment interventions for transient global amnesia?
Causes could include:
- immersion in cold water
- driving a car
Treatment is offering support after each episode.
What are some causative factors of peripheral neuritis?
- Chronic alcohol consumption
- toxicity from arsenic lead
- infectious diseases such as mumps
- inflammatory disease such as diabetes.
What is the diagnostic significance of nuchal rigidity in the presence of headache and photophobia?
It is a classic sign of meningitis.
What is the pathologic progression of Guillain-Barre syndrome?
- Numbness in the hands and feet
- followed by increasing muscle pain.
- Progressive muscle pain starts in the lower extremities and then travels up the body in 24 to 72 hours.
- An Ascending paralysis.
How do infectious organisms reach the brain? How is a brain abscess treated?
- Secondary infections from the body such as sinusitis or dental abscess.
Treatment may include :
- intravenous antibiotics
- surgical drainage.
How are intracranial tumors classified, and what determines the symptomatology?
Classified by the type of tissue in which they arise.
Symptomatology result from displacement and compression of normal brain tissue by the tumor.
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