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U10 The Old West
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Terms in this set (35)
What were Carlisle Indians School and why were they established?
Flagship Indian boarding school in the United States from 1879 through 1918. They were established as the first nonreservation Indian school funded by the federal government, was to "civilize" Native American children by removing them from their reservations, immersing them in the values of white society, and teaching them a trade.
Why were reservations created?
The U.S. government hoped to accomplish peace and control of the Indian tribes. They also wanted the Indians to become farmers also to keep Native Americans off of lands that European Americans wished to settle.
Who were the Buffalo Soldiers?
Members of one of the African American regiments within the U.S. Army after the Civil War, serving primarily in the Indian wars of the late 1860s.
What did the Treaty of Fort Laramie do ?
brought peace between the whites and the Sioux who agreed to settle within the Black Hills reservation in the Dakota Territory.
Who was Sitting Bull?
Sioux Indian leader who defeated General Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorm, he led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies. Killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him,
What led to the Plains Indian Wars?
series of conflicts from the early 1850s through the late 1870s between Native Americans and the United States, along with its Indian allies, over control of the Great Plains between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains.
What were the outcomes of the Dawes Act?
The law often placed Indians on desert land unsuitable for agriculture, and it also failed to account for Indians who could not afford to the cost of farming. One purpose of the Dawes Act was to weaken the role of tribal government, to force Native Americans to act as individuals
Who founded the Ghost Dance?
Wovoka, also known as Jack Wilson, was the Paiute religious leader who founded a second episode of the Ghost Dance movement.
Why did the Fetterman Massacre take place?
In June 1866, Red Cloud, chief of the Oglala Sioux, began negotiating with the army based at Fort Laramie about the decision to allow emigrants to settle on the last of the great Sioux hunting grounds.Native Americans in northern Wyoming lure Lieutenant Colonel William Fetterman and his soldiers into a deadly ambush killing 81 soldiers
What was the Homestead Act?
an act by Pres. Lincoln that stated a person received one section of land (160 acres) after living on it for 5 years and improving it..encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land.
Who was George A. Custer?
United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.He gained further fame for his post-war exploits against Native Americans in the West.
Why was the Battle of the Little Bighorn significant?
marked the most decisive Native American victory and the worst U.S. Army defeat in the long Plains Indian War. The demise of Custer and his men outraged many white Americans and confirmed their image of the Indians as wild and bloodthirsty.
When was the Cornstock Lade discovered?
discovered in June 1859 by Henry Comstock, part-owner of the property...rich deposit of silver in Nevada,would become one of the most important gold camps in the West
Negative outcomes of the Curtis Act were?
federal legislation that abolished tribal courts and make everyone in Indian territory subject to federal law and the laws of Arkansas; forced the tribes to allot land or risk abolishment of tribal governments
What led to the collapse of Boomtowns?
the boomtowns were the result of the discovery of pure silver ore in Virginia City, Nevada. However when the silver ran out some years later, the mines were closed. Without the mines, the boomtown's economy collapsed.
What effects did the Morill Act have?
The act made it possible for new western states to establish colleges for their citizens. The new land-grant institutions, which emphasized agriculture and mechanic arts, opened opportunities to thousands of farmers and working people previously excluded from higher education.
What did Goldbugs believe in?
"Gold bugs" believed that a "sound" national economy must be based on the gold standard to ensure the dollar's stability and etc
How did Helen Hunt Jackson call attention to the unjust treatment of Native Americans?
She exposed the government's violation of treaties with American Indian tribes. She documented the corruption of US Indian agents, military officers, and settlers who encroached on and stole reserved Indian lands.
What led to the Oklahoma Land Rush?
About two million acres of what the government called "Unassigned Lands" had recently been opened for settlement aka the homestead act.
Why was the ghost dance performed?
They believed that if they did it, they would become bigger, the white settlers would become smaller, and they would get their land and way of life back.
What was the Wounded Knee Massacre?
a domestic massacre of several hundred Lakota Indians, almost half of whom were women and children, by soldiers of the United States Army...Indian band had already surrendered
Who was John Wesley Powell?
Best known for his exploration of the upper portion of the Colorado River and the Grand Canyon.), American explorer, geologist, and ethnologist.
Who granted the Peace policy?
President Ulysses S. Grant granted the peace policy in order to remove corrupt Indian agents, who supervise reservations, and replace them with Christian missionaries, whom he deems morally superior.
Who led the Exodusters?
Pap Singleton,a former slave born in Nashville, Tennessee, became the leader of the "Exoduster Movement" of 1879, and in later years he was accorded the title "Father of the Exodus."
What was Frederick Jackson Turner thesis?
the presence of the frontier made America what it was,the presence of the frontier made America what it was and allowed Americans to become individualistic, self-reliant, and democratic.
What does the term "Sodbusters" mean?
a farmer or farm worker who plows the land, came from the fact that the early settlers who moved west had to "bust the sod" in the ground in order to farm.
How did the Haymarket Riot 1886 turn violent?
It began as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour work day, the day after police killed one and injured several workers. Soon after turned into a riot after someone threw a bomb at the police.
What was Geronimo known for ?
Apache leader and medicine man best known for his fearlessness in resisting anyone-Mexican or American—who attempted to remove his people from their tribal lands.
What significance does The Golden Spike hold?
a golden spike to commemorate the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad was the brainchild of David Hewes
Who was William E. "Buffalo Bill" Cody?
One of the most famous and well-known figures of the American Old West, He founded Buffalo Bill's Wild West in 1883, taking his large company on tours in the United States and, beginning in 1887, in Great Britain and continental Europe.
What was a goal of the Populist Party?
The goal of the populist part was too adopt a platform calling for free coinage of silver, abolition of national banks, a subtreasury scheme or some similar system, a graduated income tax, plenty of paper money, government ownership of all forms of transportation and communication
What did the Ocala Platform 1890 call for?
It called for the abolition of national banks; the establishment of sub-treasuries or depositories in every state, which would make low interest direct loans to farmers and property owners; the increase of money in circulation to not less than $50 per capita
Where did the Long Drive take place?
Took place in the 1880's in the Western plain states,Cowboys would round up a lot of cattle and "drive" them to areas near railroad stations - Most of these drives went from southern Texas up to Kansas.
What did the Bimetallism do?
Based on the value of two metals on a monetary system.The most significant benefit of bimetallism is the fact that it allows countries to keep a larger reserve of precious metals to circulate money.
Who was Crazy Horse and what was his legacy?
Lakota war leader of the Oglala band in the 19th century. He was remembered for taking arms against the United States federal government to fight against encroachment by white American settlers on Native American territory and to preserve the traditional way of life of the Lakota people.
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