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APUSH Quiz-Quiz-Trade cards "Old West"
Terms in this set (35)
What did the Treaty of Kanagawa do for the U.S.?
This treaty allowed U.S. ships to refuel at two ports. By 1858, America and Japan had commenced trade, and a U.S. consul took up residence in Japan's capital, Edo (now known as Tokyo)
What did the depression in 1873 do?
The economic depression that started in 1873 set limits on Republicans economic ambitions, just as it hindered their Reconstruction plans in the South
What were the tariff arguments between the two political parties?
Both political sides argued on tariffs. Democrats argued that tariffs taxed American consumers and on the other hand Republicans said that tariffs benefited workers.
What happened in Munn v. Illinois (1877)?
The Supreme Court affirmed that states could regulate key businesses, such as railroads and grain elevators, that were "clothed in the public interest"
What did the Federal Department of Agriculture do through the Morrill Act?
Using the Morrill Act the FDA set aside 140 million federal acres that states could sell to raise money for public universities.
How did the Homestead Act (1862) work?
They gave 160 acres of federal land to any applicant who occupied and improved the property.
What was the gold standard that Great Britain held to?
Paper notes from the bank of England could be backed by gold held in the bank's vaults
How did congress encourage more development in 1872?
Congress passed the general mining act of 1872, which allowed those who discovered minerals on federally owned land to work the claim and keep all of the proceeds
What happened to the Bison in the west?
When people started migrating to the West, they started hunting the Bison there, eventually overhunting them and leading them almost to extinction
How did the removal of bison help settlers?
Ranches opened up and Ranchers hired cowboys to herd cattle hundreds of miles north to the new rail lines that were being built.
How were people able to farm and settle in the west?
The government had to convince farmers that they could plant crops in that land. Farmers figured out that under the dry dirt and soil the ground was very fertile and usable underneath.
Who were the Exodusters?
A group of about 6,000 african americans who left Louisiana and Mississippi to escape poverty and white violence traveled to Kansas
What were womens roles in the west?
To basically stay at home, take care of the kids and take care of the homestead
What were the different environmental challenges settlers had to face in the West?
Clouds of grasshoppers could descend and destroy a crop in day, a prairie fire or hailstorm could do that in an hour, and even worse most lived in the areas now known as Tornado Valley.
What was the goal of the land-grant colleges?
To broaden educational opportunities and foster technical and scientific expertise.
What did Powell tell Congress?
That 160-acre homesteads would not work in the dry areas of the region.
What did the U.S. Fisheries Commission do?
Made recommendations to stem the decline in wild fish
What was the Sand Creek Massacre?
Cheyennes carried war pipes to the Arapahos and Souix, who attacked and burned white settlements along the South Platte River
What was the Fetterman Massacre?
1866 in Wyoming, Fetterman decided to attack the Sioux Indians. The Indians killed fetterman and all of his men.
What happened in Lone wolf v. Hitchcock?
The Court ruled that no Indian was a citizen unless Congress designated him so
What was the Dawes Severalty Act?
It would force Indians onto individual landholdings, partitioning reservations into homesteads, just like those of white farmers.
What happened at Wounded Knee?
The 7th calvary caught up with fleeing Lakotas and killed at least 150 - perhaps as many as 300 people
What was the Ghost Dance Movement?
was developed by an American Indian named will Covia. It drew on traditional American Indian rituals, and emphasized cooperation among tribes and clean living and honesty. It was not as successful in stopping white incursions, but it led to a spiritual revival that had a profound effect on American Indian tribes into the 20th century.
What is Wounded Knee?
A Native American massacre sight
What was the first transcontinental Railroad?
A railroad that connected the eastern U.S. rail network to the Pacific coast
What products had protective tariffs raised on?
A range of manufactured goods, from textiles to steel, and on some agricultural products like wood and sugar
What did the Burlingame Treaty do?
Guaranteed the rights on U.S. missionaries in China and set official terms for the emigration of Chinese laborers, some of whom were already clearing farmland and negotiated the purchase of Alaska from Russia.
What did the Crime of 1873 do?
Directed the U.S. Treasury to cease minting silver dollars and, over a six year period, retire Civil War era greenbacks
What tied the nation together?
Railroads and telegraphs
What did the Comstock Lode help build?
Built the boomtown of Virginia City
What was the motivation to move to the west?
For most settlers, American or immigrant, was to better themselves economically.
Why were women allowed to vote in Utah?
In Utah because the legislature granted full voting rights to women because of the Mormon religion
Why did settlers regard themselves as "Nature's conquerors"?
Because crop prices were too low, and the climate too unpredictable, to allow farmers to get by on less.
What was the worlds first national park?
Yellowstone National Park
What conditions did the Civil war cause in the west?
Biggest was the western whites fell vulnerable to indian attacks
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