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Terms in this set (44)
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
Scramble for Africa
Sudden wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in the 1880s and 1890s. Britain obtained most of eastern Africa, France most of northwestern Africa. Other countries (Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, and Spain) acquired lesser amounts.
Region of the Atlantic coast of West Africa occupied by modern Ghana; named for its gold exports to Europe from the 1470s onward.
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Scottish missionary and explorer who discovered the Zambezi River and Victoria Falls (1813-1873)
King Leopold II
King of Belgium (r. 1865-1909). He was active in encouraging the exploration of Central Africa and became the infamous ruler of the Congo Free State (to 1908).
Exploited by Leopold II of Belgium under the Berlin Act, Leopold was supposed to act as a trustee. He violated the agreement and stripped the country of its resources.
Dutch settlers in South Africa
Dutch colony established at Cape of Good Hope in 1652 initially to provide a coastal station for the Dutch seaborne empire; by 1770 settlements had expanded sufficiently to come into conflict with Bantus.
A Zulu chief in Southern Africa who used soldiers and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
Born in 1853, played a major political and economic role in colonial South Africa. He was a financier, statesman, and empire builder with a philosophy of mystical imperialism.
Lasting from 1899 to 1902, Dutch colonists and the British competed for control of territory in South Africa.
Islamic empire founded in 1809 and centered in northern Nigeria
discovery of camels for transportation by the Berber nomads. Traveled twice as far and twice as fast as the oxen. Averaged 20 miles a day. Required little water, and had protective evolutions (such as closed nostrils, eyelid coverings).
City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
The holy book of Islam
A supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
Rightly Guided Caliphs
The first four rulers of the Islamic world (632-661) after the death of Muhammad.
Literally "people of the book"; applied as inclusive term to Jews and Christians in Islamic territories; later extended to Zoroastrians and even Hindus & Buddhists
(661-750 CE) The Islamic caliphate that established a capital at Damascus, conquered North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, Southwest Asia, and Persia, and had a bureaucracy with only Arab Muslims able to be a part of it.
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
From 750-1258 this was the 3rd dynasty of the Islamic Caliphate. They built their capital in Baghdad after overthrowing the Umayyad caliphate.
nomadic Turks from Asia who conquered Baghdad in 1055 and allowed the caliph to remain only as a religious leader. they governed strictly
What were the Opium Wars?
The Chinese government banned opium in the late 1830's The British went to war with China in order to keep the opium trade going The opium wars lasted through the 1950's The British won the opium wars
who led to the start of the opium wars?
Lin Zexu, he banned opium in china
what is the treaty of NanJing?
Part of punishment in China after the Opium Wars with Britian
MAIN Causes of WW1
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
what is one of the causes of america joining ww1
the Germans sink the Lusitania
What was the Triple Entente?
Great Britain, France, Russia
What was the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
the battle of _________ happened in august 1914
the first battle of _________ happened in September 1914
the battle of ________________ happened from April 1915 - January 1916
The battle of ____________ happened from Feb 1916 - Dec 1916
What is trench warfare?
a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other.
What was the Treaty of Versailles?
Treaty that ended WWI
What were Wilson's 14 points?
Self determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, no secret treaties, creation of League of Nations, reduction in the size of militaries
What was the League of Nations?
an international association whose goal would be to keep peace among nations
what happened to Germany after WW1
they were forced to have a significantly smaller army
Who was the Red Baron?
Manfred von Richthofen
What did the Red Baron do
landed his plane with partial vision and after getting shot in the chest during a dog fight was also able to land his plane before dying
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