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Terms in this set (37)
any of a family (Coronaviridae) of single-stranded RNA viruses that have a lipid envelope studded with club-shaped projections, infect birds and many mammals including humans, and include the causative agents
a mild to severe respiratory illness that is caused by a coronavirus (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 of the genus Betacoronavirus), is transmitted chiefly by contact with infectious material (such as respiratory droplets), and is characterized especially by fever, cough, and shortness of breath and may progress to pneumonia and respiratory failure
Practices based on a risk assessment and make use of common-sense practices and personal protective equipment use that protect healthcare providers from infection and prevent the spread of infection from patient to patient.
Precautions that refer to the concept that all blood and bloody body fluids should be treated as infectious because patients with infections can be asymptomatic or unaware they are infected.
the practice of maintaining a greater than usual physical distance from other people or of avoiding direct contact with people or objects in public places during the outbreak of a contagious disease in order to minimize exposure and reduce the transmission of infection
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.
a strict isolation imposed to prevent the spread of disease
Separation from others; aloneness
A mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing
A mask-like devise made of gauze, worn over the mouth or nose to prevent the inhalation of substances (exp: N95)
Inhalation and exhalation of air.
pertaining to respiration
Inflammation of the lungs with congestion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
World Health Organization
National Institutes of Health
Showing evidence of disease
Showing no symptoms of disease
Antimalarial (A drug use to treat malaria)
The spread of disease where the infection is unknown
The identification and diagnosis of people who may have come into contact with an infected person
The number of cases of infection increase steadily but rapidly.
Flatten the curve
Slowing the spread of an epidemic
Resistance to disease
The resistance of a group to an attack by a disease to which a large proportion of the members of the group are immune
Having an impaired immune system
Interval between initial infection and first signs and symptoms
The action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something
First case of a disease; also called index case
To test or examine for the presence of something (as a disease)
Shelter in place
Take immediate shelter where you are—at home, work, school or in between—usually for just a few hours or depending on the emergency
Highly infectious person who spreads the disease to many other people
An infectious particle incapable of replicating outside of a cell, consisting of an RNA or DNA genome surrounded by a protein coat (capsid) and, for some viruses, a membranous envelope.
The number of virus particles in a patients blood or bodily fluid sample
Disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans
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