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Anatomy and Physiology 1: Chapter 4: Tissues
Terms in this set (107)
Where would the tissue pictured be found?
Where could you find the tissue in this picture?
What type of cell is highlighted in this image?
Simple cuboidal epithelium
What type of tissue is highlighted?
The removal of tissue samples from patients surgically or with a needle for diagnostic purposes is called a(n)__________. Microscopic examination of tissues is often part of a(n) __________ to determine the cause of death or study changes caused by disease.
Epithelial tissues absorb substances (T/F)
Epithelial tissues secrete substances (T/F)
Epithelial tissues store fat (T/F)
Epithelial tissues act as a barrier (T/F)
Epithelial tissues transport nutrients (T/F)
Epithelial tissues protect underlying structures (T/F)
Epithelial tissues protect passages of substances (T/F)
Epithelial tissues convey electrical impulses (T/F)
One layer of flat, or scalelike cells that rest on a basement membrane
Many layers of cells where the cells near the basement membrane are cube shaped, but at the free surface are flat
One layer of cells that are as wide as they are tall that rest on a basement membrane
Many layers of cells where most cells are as wide as they are tall
Special type of simple epithelium where it appears to be stratified but is not
One layer of cells that are taller than they are wide where almost all cells touch the basement membrane and extend to the free surface
Simple squamous is located
Lining of blood vessels and alveoli of lungs
Simple cubodial is located
Kidney tubules, secretory cells of glands
Simple columnar's function
Absorption in the small and large intestines
Stratified squamous function
Protection against abrasion, barrier against infection
Stratified cubodial location
Sweat gland ducts, ovarian follicular cells
Stratified columnar location
Mammary gland ducts, larynx, parts of the male urethra
Pseudostratified columnar location
Lining of the nasal cavity, pharynx and trachea
lining of urinary bladder, ureters, and part of urethra
Heat and redness are due to the dilation of blood vessels (T/F)
Redness, limitation of movement from edema, and tissue destruction all contribute to disturbed function. (T/F)
Edema increases the pressure in the tissue, which can also stimulate neurons and cause pain. (T/F)
Inflammation has five major manifestations: redness, heat, swelling, pain, and numbness. (T/F)
Line cavities that open to the outside
Line cavities that do not open to the outside
Line cavities that surround synovial joints
_________ membranes protect the internal organs from friction and hold them in place.
Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
Unlike an exocrine gland, an endocrine gland
has no ducts
What type of gland discharges fragments of the gland's cells during secretion?
What type of gland does not have ducts?
Dense regular collagenous connective tissue would be found in
Cartilage heals slowly after an injury because
it has few, if any, blood vessels.
Support cells of the brain and spinal cord are called
Which of the following occur as a result of inhibiting the release of chemical mediators of inflammation shortly after injury in a tissue?(1) stimulation of pain receptors(2) reduced stimulation of pain receptors(3) increased permeability of blood vessels(4) reduced permeability of blood vessels(5) edema(6) reduced redness
2, 4, 6
Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder associated with _____ tissue.
Fibers that are flexible but resist stretching
Fibers that branch to form a supporting network
Fibers that can recoil to their original shape
Janice is a 79-year old woman recently admitted to the ER with a fractured hip after a fall. Which of the following is a common tissue change that occurs with aging and could inhibit her recovery?
Decrease in the amount of connective tissue
From which primary germ layer is the epidermis of the skin derived?
The __________ gives rise to the __________.
ectoderm; nervous system and epidermis
Nervous tissue consists predominantly of two cell types, neurons and __________.
After six months of lifting weights at the gym, you notice that some of your muscles have increased in size. This increase in size is due to __________ of muscle cells.
The replacement of damaged tissue with scar tissue is called _________.
Which is avascular (lacks blood vessels)?
Which of the following is not lined by nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium?
lack ducts and secrete their products into the bloodstream or into interstitial fluid.
The most common type of cartilage, named for its glassy appearance, is
Which feature is found in both cartilage and bone?
The four primary tissue types are
epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous.
Which of the following is a function of epithelial tissue?
secretion and absorption of molecules
The epidermis of the skin is composed of
stratified squamous epithelium.
What type of epithelial tissue is found lining the trachea?
pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
What type of epithelial tissue is found in the stomach?
simple columnar epithelium
What type of epithelial tissue is found in the urinary bladder?
Reticular tissue is found in
Intervertebral discs exhibit a great deal of strength because of the presence of thick bundles of
Which of the following are symptoms of inflammation?
redness, heat, and pain
Simple Cubodial Features
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithilium features
Simple Columnar Features
Keratinized Stratified Squamous features
nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium features
Reticular Connective Tissue features
Elastic cartilage features
Compact Bone features
Skeletal Muscle features
Adipose tissue features:
Provides thermal insulation
Areolar Tissue features
Forms the basement membrane of ephithelia
Found in the fascia that holds muscles together
Forms the serous membrane of the lungs
Reticular Connective tissue features
Provides the structural framework for the spleen
Found in the bone marrow and lymph nodes
What type of membranes line joint cavities?
Which of the following is NOT a category of connective tissue?
Aerobic connective tissue
Adipose connective tissue is a type of dense connective tissue. (T/F)
Which type of connective tissue is abundant in the walls of arteries, and in the airway?
Where are chondrocytes and osteocytes located?
Which of the following is NOT a feature of epithelia?
Abundant extracellular material
Epithelia are strong membranes that function to bind the body together. (T/F)
An epithelium with a single layer of tall cells would be classified as which type of epithelium?
Simple columnar epithelium
Intercellular junctions important in sealing the space between the cells and filling the "gaps" are called gap junctions. (T/F)
One function of muscle tissue is to provide heat production. (T/F)
Which type of muscle tissue is found in the walls of hollow organs?
Perimysium covers a muscle fascicle. (T/F)
How would the genetic inheritance of a gene producing abnormal gap junctions effect muscle tissue?
Cardiac muscle and some smooth muscle would function abnormally. Skeletal muscle would be unaffected.
Which of the following parts of a neuron receives and processes information?
Schwann cells are glial cells of the central nervous system. (T/F)
Which of the following characteristics is common to oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells?
Both provide myelination.
This tissue is a network of specialized cells that monitors the internal and external environment and initiates commands through which the body reacts.
This tissue can be classified using the number of cell layers, and the shape of the cell at the apical surface.
There are three types of Muscle Tissue
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
This tissue is widely distributed throughout the body to allow for movement of the skeleton or other tissues of the body.
This tissue is diverse, abundant, and widely distributed through the body.
This tissue forms the surface layer of the body, lines body cavities, hollow organs and structures, and constitutes most gland tissue.
The type of muscle found in the walls of blood vessels is
Functions of neuron and glial cells
Receive nerve impulses
Select all that are examples of connective tissue functions.
blood providing transport
tendons connecting muscles to bones.
Adipose providing energy storage
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