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text features

Special design elements used to guide readers through informational articles and web pages.


Describes the topic of the article.


Identifies the topic that the article focuses on.


Describes what is shown in a photograph.


Provides additional information.

main idea

The most important ideas about a topic that a writer wants to convey to readers.

supporting details

Used to further explain main ideas, such as statistics and examples.

topic sentence

Often states the main idea of a paragraph or a section.


Means not directly stated.

graphic aids

These help to explain information and include maps, photographs, or graphs.


To use your own words to retell the main idea of a spoken or written work.


Existing only in the imagination.

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