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Terms in this set (38)
Benefits of Evidence Based Practice
-improved outcomes for patients, providers, and healthcare
Purpose of PICO
Organize the search for research evidence in a variety of database and website
which defines EBP
"It is the collection, interpretation, and integration of valid research evidence combined with clinical practice and understanding of the patient and family".
Nurses use many sources of information to guide their practice. One such source is tradition. Which statement is an example of using tradition as a source of information?
lets do it like we have always done it
Quality and Safety Education for Nurses
Helps nursing students develop the skills, knowledge, and attitudes needed to continuously improve quality and safety
determines best practice in health care
structured, comprehensive synthesis of the research literature
grey literature sources
what nursing format do you use to develop a clinical question when reviewing the effectiveness of nursing interventions
step 3 of systemic review
Was the clinical question clearly expressed and significant? Was the PICOS format (participants, intervention, comparative interventions, outcomes, and study design) used to develop the question and focus the systematic review or meta-analysis?
distributions, dissertations, unpublished reports, conference papers, and grant proposals
NOT included in systemic reviews
Critcally appraising meta-synthesis
breaks down findings from different studies to discover essential features and then combining these ideas into unique things
Focus on interpretation
critically appraising meta-synthesis is not
does not combine resarch studies
phase 1: preparation
-determine the focus and purpose
Iowa Model of EBP
eAsk questions, Search literature, Appraise evidence - is it sufficient, Implement practice change, Evaluate Outcomes.
How do practicing nurses participate in critical appraisal of research?
By questioning the quality, credibility, and meaning of studies
a small study carried out to test the feasibility of a larger one
a trial run in survey research
strength of a qualitative study
maintain open perspective on the phenomenon
person is integrated with the environment
meaning the world shapes the person and the person shapes the world
Notes that describe what has been observed, heard, or otherwise experienced in a participant observation study. These notes usually are written after the observational session.
Nazi Medical Experiments
-Experiments on euthanasia victims, prisoners of war, occupants of concentration
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
subjects informed of the purpose and procedures of the research.
some not aware they were in the study
injected children with hepatitis virus, without parents having option of declining participation, or knowing long-term effects
Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital Study
Unethical study involving injection of cancer cells into subjects without their consent
respect for persons, beneficence, justice
first major ethical guide
the common rule
label given to the federal policy for the protection of human subjects
includes requirements related to the content of an informed consent document, processes for obtaining informed consent, maintaining an IRB, and implementing special precautions for studies with vulnerable populations
persons who are susceptible to undue influence
example prisoners, children
those with a direct bearing on the problem of concern
are those published within 5 years
the first studies on a particular topic that signaled the beginning of a new way of thinking on the topic and sometimes are referred to as classical studies
significant research projects that have generated knowledge that influences a discipline and sometimes society as a whole
"the groundbreaking study"
repeated studies to obtain similar results
the making up of results and recording or reporting them.
manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record
clarify the purpose of the literature review
direct the planning and execution of a study
describing the current knowledge of a practice problem; (2) identifying the gaps in this knowledge base; and (3) explaining how the study being reported has contributed to building knowledge in this area.
makes it broader
every member has a different member
any aspect of the experimetal setting that must be held constant to prevent unplanned environmental variation
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied.
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