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Terms in this set (17)
H.M. was a patient who had a bilateral ________ lobe transaction for epilepsy management. Removing his _______ leaving him with _________ amnesia.
temporal hippocampus antereograde
_____case was studied until his death in 2008 and played an important role in the development of theories linking brain structures and functions.
_____ is the partial or total loss of memory
There are two times of memory ____-term and ____-term
Long-term memory is composed of three different types of memory. One type is ______ memory which is composed of conscious ______ memory such as autobiographical information and _____ memory such as facts.
explicit episodic semantic
Long-term memory is composed of three different types of memory. One type is ______ memory which is composed of unconscious memory such as habits (riding a bike) and conditioning.
Long-term memory is composed of three different types of memory. One type is ______ memory which is composed of unconscious and conscious memory such as attraction and fear
_____-term memory is a type of memory that temporary holds information and is rarely stored
Our memories start are normally the ____ of the main idea which cause a lot of the details that are not of high importance to be left out.
There are 4 types of amnesia: _________ amnesia where the ability to acquire new memories is effected; _______ amnesia where you are unable y to access old memories; _______ amnesia a normally occurring phenomenon where individuals don't usually store memory before 3-4 years old; ____-____ causing memory loss of who they are as an individual, usually temporary.
anterograde retrograde infantile fugue state
Time-Dependent Retrograde Amnesia states that ______ of an injury can be determined by how far back the amnesia extends.
The 3 theories of amnesia are ________ theory where the act of recalling memory makes it liable to misinformation and that each memory has its own neuronal substrate dependent on the memory; _____-_______ theory that states we have three types of memory each stored in different brain areas; _______-_______ theory that the hippocampus decides if the memory is important enough to be made permanent, holding them for a while and then sending them to be stored in another location.
reconsolidation multiple trace system consolidation
The multiple-trace theory states that there are three kinds of memory: ______ memory such as your past life memories, _______ semantic memory such as the year, _____ semantic memory such as your name.
autobiographical factual general
The multiple-trace theory also states that old memories are resistant to amnesia because they _______ _______ in the brain as they are recalled
Semantic memory is knowledge of the world without a ____-_____
Studies of hippocampal patients demonstrate four conclusions. 1.) _________ deficits are more severe than _______ defects. 2.) and 3.)________ memories are more affected such as __________ events of ones life 4.) _____ is diminished.
anterograde retrograde episodic autobiographical time
Memory damage can be hemisphere specific. For instance, damage to the left hemisphere is more likely to cause deficits in ______ recall and damage to right hemisphere is more likely to cause deficits in _____ recognition and ______ positioning
word facial spatial
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
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