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32 terms

ELEMENTS OF POETRY

STUDY
PLAY
Rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
rhythm
the beat created by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
example of rhythm
The cat sat on the mat.
repetition
the use of any element of language --a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence --more than once.
onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds.
examples of onomatopoeia
crash,bang,hiss,splat
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.
example of alliteration
lovely lonely lights
sound devices
add a musical quality to poetry
sound devices
poets use these to enhance a poem's mood and meaning
examples of sound devices
rhyme,rhythm, repetition,onomatopoeia,alliteration
figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
figures of speech
another name for the many types of figurative language
figures of speech
writers use these figures of speech to state ideas in a vivid and imaginative way
metaphors
describe one thing as if it were something else .
metaphors
often point out a similarity between two unlike things
example of metaphor
The snow was a white blanket over the town.
similes
use like or as to compare two apparently unlike things and show similarities between the two
example of similes
She is a slow as a turtle.
personification
gives human qualities to something that is nonhuman
example of personification
The ocean crashed angrily during the storm.
example of rhyme
clown,down
example of rhythm
A mouse lives in my house.
example of repetition
Sunny thoughts filled a sunny day
example of onomatopoeia
splash, meow
example of alliteration
a round red rose
example of metaphors
Courage is a fire that burns in your heart.
examples of similes
The baby's skin was as soft as silk.
example of personification
The flowing brook sang a happy song
context clues
found in the words, phrases and sentences surrounding an unfamiliar word. MAY HAVE SAME meaning or that describe or explain the word
questions to ask when using context clues
WHAT KIND OF WORD IS IT ? WHAT WORD CAN I USE IN PLACE OF IT? WHICH OTHER WORDS IN THE SENTENCE EXPLAIN IT?
RHYTHM AND RHYME
POETS ADD THESE TO ADD A MUSICAL QUALITY TO THEIR POEMS