English: Native American Mythology Test: The World on Turtles Back
Terms in this set (15)
What type of story is The World on Turtle's Back?
a creation myth
what is the name of the tribe in The World on Turtle's Back?
What is the form of The World on Turtle's Back?
form of story telling
What is story telling?
common in every american tribe, used to teach future generations about history, culture, beliefs, rituals, and customs
What does The World on Turtle's Back start with?
something supernatural (Sky World, Sky Woman)
Who is Sky Woman?
a pregnant lady who lives in sky world and tells her husband to knock over this tree that nobody was supposed to touch and get bark from one of the roots of the Great Tree. He does so and when he does he breaks a whole through the ground of sky world. The man refuses to get her the bark so the curious woman set out to do it herself. No one knows how, but somehow she fell into the hole to the sea that awaited her.
How do the animals help the woman who fell from the sky?
The birds put their wings out for her to fall on, the turtle let the woman lay on his shell and provided a safe ground for the creatures around, and the muskrat went to the bottom of the ocean to get her soil and almost died.
What roles do the grandmother and her daughter play in the earth's creation?
The grandmother, after being killed by her grandson, became the moon. Her daughter, after dying while giving birth, was buried and plants began to grow from her. These plants consisted of corn, beans, squash, and tobacco which provided food for the people on earth. The grandmother began the creation of the Earth the mixture she planted that seed on the Turtle's back and from then on the Earth began to grow and develop.
What is the outcome of the battles between the twins?
the right-handed twin killed the left handed twin. When it is daylight, people are in the hand of the right handed twin and when it is night time, people are in the hand of the left handed twin. The right handed twin was given many names, some of which include "He holds up the sky's", "Master of Life", and "Great Creator." The Left handed twin was also given many names, including Flint, and was thought of as being dark in color. The right handed twin lived in the world above, the sky world, and the left handed twin lives in the world below amongst the people.
What are the differences between the right and left handed twin? Why do you think the Iroquois honor both twins? What elements of human nature are explained in this story?
The right handed twin was the smart, responsible, and sensible twin who always tried to do the right thing whereas the left handed twin was the a devious lied who always did things based off his own guidelines. The Iroquois honored both twins so that they would balance each other out. The world could not exist without both of them and if it did then it would be unbalanced. The elements of nature explained were good vs evil, right vs wrong, and good vs bad. This is shown through the battle between the opposite twins and how they valence each other out.
what did you learn about the Iroquois attitude toward nature in this myth?
they respect nature and all life forms within it, they recognize the importance of balance within nature
what did you learn about the Iroquois view of their gods?
they believed that the world was created by a higher power and speak of these higher powers with great admiration
what did you learn about the Iroquois important food games and rituals in this myth?
corn, squash, and beans are crucial to the agricultural necessities of the tribe and that competition plays a big part throughout the story, lacrosse being one of the many competitive aspects of the story. they perform ceremonies in preparation of the New Year
what did you learn about the Iroquois beliefs about good and evil in this myth?
that they balance each other out to create a steady world
How did the right handed twin kill his brother?
on the last day of the duel they each selected a weapon: the left handed twin chose a stick and the right handed twin pickled out a deer antler that with one touch destroyed his brother. He died but didn't die. The right handed twin castes his body off the edge of the earth where it still lives and reigns.