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Unit 3 (Ch 5) Test Review
The Four Marks of the Church
Terms in this set (55)
In general, the four marks of the Church are _____________. They are inseparably linked with one another, and they are both a reality and a challenge at the same time.
The four marks of the Church
One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic
The Church receives the four marks from _____________.
The Purpose of the Four Marks
They indicate essential features of the Church & her mission, therefore they help distinguish the true pilgrim Church on earth from any others that claim to be Christ's Church.
Faith and the Historical Record
We know that the Catholic Church possesses the four marks of the Church through _____________________. Only faith can recognize that the Church possesses these marks because of her divine origin, but the historical reality of these marks are signs that clearly speak to human reason.
Only one Church (founded by Jesus Christ)
To say, "The Church is one," means that there is __________________________ whose source of unity is the unity of God Himself.
Mystical Body of Christ
One of the best images of the Church to express the unity of the Church is the _________________. In this image the many diverse members of the Church are united to Jesus, our Head, to form the whole Christ, united and animated by the Holy Spirit, the "soul" of the Mystical Body.
What is the root of division?
Unity of Faith, Worship, and Leadership
Name the three main ways in which the unity of the Church is visibly expressed?
Unity of Faith
The Church professes the one Faith that has been passed down from the Apostles.
Unity of Worship
The pilgrim Church celebrates in common the same Seven Sacraments instituted by Christ during his time on earth.
Unity of Leadership
Through the Sacrament of Holy Orders, the Church's apostolic succession ensures uninterrupted continuity with the teaching and leadership of St. Peter and the Apostles.
The Person and Natures of Christ, and thus the Blessed Trinity
The early heresies attacked ___________________. This was very dangerous because these truths are at the heart of Christianity, if you get them wrong, then you get everything else wrong.
How the Church defeated the early heresies
Through the guidance and inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the teaching and sacrifice of early Christian leaders,
and through several Ecumenical Councils, where the Popes and bishops upheld the truth about Jesus.
An interrelated series of schisms that took place from 1517 to 1648 over the teachings, worship, and structure of the Church, resulting in national Protestant churches and a multitude of separate denominations today.
What was the result of the Protestant churches' independence from Rome?
They disagreed with one another, and they generally have been limited to their country of origin or have continued to splinter.
Hierarchy of the Catholic Church
The Protestant Churches generally do not have a hierarchy or teaching authority that can officially speak for all the members of their denominations, and so the groups continued to splinter. Thus, the _______________________ is essential to maintaining a unity of faith, worship, and leadership, providing clarity as to the authentic teachings of Christ and His Church.
____________ is where we find Jesus' prayer for unity: "so that they may all be one, as you, Father, are in me and I in you, that they also may be in us, that the world may believe that you sent me."
The Importance of Jesus' Prayer for Unity
Jesus prays that the members of the Church may have the same unity that He and His Father have. If Christians do, then the world will know that the Father sent Christ into the world. If the Body of Christ is divided, it will be harder for the world to know Jesus Christ.
Definition of Ecumenism
It is the task of working toward Christian unity.
Importance of Ecumenism
It is God' express desire for all of Christianity to be truly One in Him. Furthermore, Only the Catholic Church contains the fullness of salvation, and all members of the People of God should be incorporated into her.
Four Principles of Ecumenism
1. called to a greater conversion of heart
2. achieve a deeper understanding between Catholics and our separated brethren (both theologically and personally)
3. seek common ground with our separated brethren, while always representing the Catholic Faith accurately and fully.
4. pray for greater Christian unity
Seven Sacraments, Gifts of the Holy Spirit
The Catholic Church recognizes that the Orthodox Churches and Protestant communities possess elements of sanctification and truth, which include the Sacred Scriptures, some or all of the ___________, the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity, and the __________________.
Original unity that existed in Christendom
The presence of the elements of sanctification and truth among these other groups is due to the ________________________. Despite subsequent divisions, Catholics hope for eventual reunification with their separated brethren, and these elements may provide the basis for that happy occurrence.
Missionary Mandate (Matthew 28:19-20)
"Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, until the end of the age."
Two meanings of "catholic" as it refers to the Church
1. The Church is whole and complete
2. The Church has received universal authority from Christ to fulfill her universal mission
Transcends time and space
The universality of the Church is more than just international because it ___________________ to include the faithful on earth, in Purgatory, and in Heaven.
From the earliest years, the Catholic Faith has found expressions and ways of worship that are distinctive to individual cultures. Thus, there are ________________ in the Church.
Apostolic Origin & all of the Seven Sacraments
What does every legitimate rite have in common?
Linguistic, Artistic, Architectural, Spiritual, and Cultural Heritage.
The rites differ because each one preserves its own ...
There are _______ Eastern Catholic Churches, all of which are in communion with the Latin (Roman Catholic) Church.
Apostolic Foundation, Apostolic Faith, and Apostolic Succession
What are the three ways in which the Church is founded on the Apostles?
She was built and remains on the Apostles' foundation.
She guards and transmits the Apostles' teachings with the Holy Spirit's help.
She continues being taught, sanctified, and directed by the Apostles through their successors, the bishops.
Teach, Sanctify, and Govern
Christ give His Apostles the authority and the task to help rule His kingdom. They were entrusted with Christ's authority to _______________________ His Church.
This heresy taught that Jesus Christ is true God but only partially man; that is, He had a real human body but no human soul with its mind & will.
This heresy denied Christ's full divinity, stating that Christ was a created being who was superior to human beings but inferior to God, the Father.
This heresy taught that salvation comes from secret knowledge & practices revealed by Christ, a creature of the good god of the New Testament.
This heresy taught that Jesus had only one nature. His human nature was mixed with His divine nature like a drop of water is absorbed into the sea.
This heresy taught that Jesus is two persons, a divine Person & a human person, consequently denying that Mary was the Mother of God.
This term means universal, total, whole, complete
This term means having been sent.
Sinners are enabled to become saints in the Church, thus it is evident that the Church is _____________.
Refusal to accept the authority of the pope and bishops leading to a disruption of the unity of the Church.
Voluntary and total repudiation of the Christian faith.
This spiritual good is the remission of temporal punishment due for sin.
The Church is ______________ as she will never perish or go astray and she is also ________________ as she she will exist until the end of time.
Divine attribute of the Church: she will never change in her essential aspects.
An individual who is part of an organized group that breaks away from the unity of the Catholic Church and thus creates a schism is known as a schismatic, where as those who were born into schismatic communities and are not guilty of the sin of schism are called ___________________.
These members of the Church are absolutely holy.
Purification, Renewal, & Penance
The antidote to the sins of individual members of the Church is ...
Greek for Bearer of God; a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
The Hypostatic Union is the doctrine which explains that Jesus Christ is ____________ Person, who simultaneously possesses two natures, one human and one divine.
Teaching, Sacraments, and Life of Prayer
The Church serves as a means of sanctification for all of the faithful through her _____________________, all of which point to her heavenly goal.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Trinity and Vocations Unit 6
Sacraments: Ch. 1 Review
Mystery: Chapter 1
Sacraments Ch. 1 / Baptism Vocab
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