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Chapter 13 Pre-Ap World: The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

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Taika Reforms
Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
Nara
first Japanese court and capital
Heian
New capital of Japan
Kamis
Shinto nature spirits
Zen
the result of the meshing of Buddhist and Shinto ideas
Lady Murasaki
wrote the Tale of the Genji
Tale of the Genji
history's first written novel; reveals Heian court life
Fujiwara Family
dominated japanese bureaucracy; used wealth and political position to build large estates; rival power of Buddhist monastic orders
Bushi
warrior leaders; lords; supervised public works; collected taxes; built up armies
samurai
mounted troops of the bushi; loyal to local lords; become mercenary warriors
Seppuku
ritual suicide by disembowelment
Gempei Wars
open feud between Taira and Minamoto families; resulted in a minamoto victory; five years of fighting lead to suffering for peasants
Minamoto bakufu
military government
kamakura
new capital of japan
Yuritomo Minamoto
weakens family authority and murders many members of his own family; was fearful of being overthrown by his own family; established first shogun(ate)
Ashikaga Takuaji
overthrows kamakura regime; establishes Ashikaga Shogunate
Ashikaga Shogunate
replaced the kamakura regime in japan; destroyed rival yoshiro center of imperial authority
Choson
earliest Korean Kingdom
Koguro
natives of northern korea
Silla and Paekche
rival kingdoms in southern korea
sinification
extensive adoption of chinese culture
Yi Dynasty
ruled Korea; succeeded koryo dynasty; restored aristocratic dominance and chinese influence
Viets
natives of vietnamese
Le Dynasty
Rules Vietnam
shogun
military leaders of the bakufu
daimyos
warlord rulers of 300 small states following onin war and disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded mini states
Khmers
indianized rivals of the vietnamese; moved into the mekong river delta region at time of vietnamese drive to the south
trung sisters
leaders of the frequent peasant rebellions in vietnam against chinese rule; demonstrates importance of vietnamese women in indigenous society
Chams
indianized rivals of the vietnamese driven into the highlands by the successful vietnamese drive to the south
nguyen
rival vietnamese dynasty that arose in southern vietnam to challenge traditional dynasty of trihn in north hanoi; kingdom centered on red and mekong rivers; capital at hue
trihn family
dynasty that ruled in north vietnam at hanoi; rivals of the nguyen family in the south