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austin's 5th grade ileap prep

social studies
STUDY
PLAY
globe
a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented
equator
an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant from the north and south poles
prime meridian
meridian at zero degree longitude from which east and west are reckoned (usually the Greenwich longitude in England)
hemispheres
Sections of the Earth divided by the Equator and Prime Meridian (Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western)
northern hemisphere
the hemisphere north of the equator
southern hemisphere
the hemisphere south of the equator
eastern hemisphere
The hemisphere east of the Prime Meridian.
western hemisphere
West of the Prime Meridian
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
longitude
Imaginary lines on the globe that run up and down ( north to south)
parallels
another name for lines of latitude
degrees
used to measure temperature, latitude, longitude, right ascsension, and declination
meridians
an imaginary circle passing through any place on the earth's surface and through the North and South poles.
political map
A map showing units such as countries, states, provinces, districts, etc. Each is normally a different color
title
tells what the map is about
symbols
are lines small drawings or fields of color that stand for something else
legend
explanatory list of symbols on a map
locator
a small map in a box or circle
physical map
A map that shows mountains, hills, plains, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc.
compass rose
A tool on a map showing cardinal (N,E,S,W) and intermediate (NE,SE,NW,SW) directions.
cardinal directions
north, south, east, west
intermediate directions
Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, Southwest
scale
a set of lines marked off in miles and kilometers
inset
a small map or picture set within a larger one
time zone map
map showing the world's or any country's time zones
elevation
height of land above sea level
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
road map
a map showing roads
culture
is the way of life for a group of people
ideals
important beliefs
ethnic group
Group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics
immigrants
People who settle in a country they weren't born in.
line graph
A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur over time
circle graph
a graph that shows parts of a whole as percentages
democracy
in democracy people have power to make decisions about government
republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
constitution
law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
abraham lincoln
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
citizen
a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
john f. kennedy
president during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on tv and told the public about hte crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet uinon to withdraw their missiles. other events, which were during his terms was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
private property
property owned by individuals or companies, not by the government or the people as a whole
economy
a system of producing and distributing goods and serivices
free enterprise
economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to compete for profit with a minimum of government interference
profit
the amount of money left over after expenses are taken out
supply
offering goods and services for sale
demand
the amount of goods needed
export
commodities (goods or services) sold to a foreign country
consumer
a person who uses goods or services
thomas edison
Inventor of lightbulb, phonograph and numerous other innovations
entrepreneur
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
madam c. j. walker
started a beauty product business with only a few dollars
supply and demand
an economic concept that states that the price of a good rises and falls depending on how many people want it (demand) and depending on how much of the good is available (supply)
imports and exports
export is any international transaction that causes goods to flow into a country; an import similarly is any international transaction that causes goods to flow out of a country
region
An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.
geography
the study of the earth
agriculture
the business of growing crops and raising animals
irrigation
supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc
george washington carver
African American farmer and food scientist. His research improved farming in the South by developing new products using peanuts etc
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
precipiation
rain, snow , sleet or hail that falls from the clouds to the earths surface
interdependent
depending on each other to meet needs and wants
regions
A geographic area defined by one or more characteristics that set it apart from other areas
climates
the weather of a place over a period of time
natural recources
Resources found in nature. Land, air, water, minerals exc
minerals
a substance obtained by mining or digging in the earth
fossil fuels
a nonrenewable energy resource that forms in the Earth's crust for millions of years
nonrenewable resources
resources such as fossil fuels, which can not be made again.
conservation
the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources
environment
the area in which something exists or lives
yellowstone national park
the oldest national park in the world; has more gysers and hot springs than any other area in the world
theodore roosevelt
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
mount mckinley
a mountain in south central Alaska
everglades national park
a national park in Florida containing an immense subtropical wilderness with mangrove swamps and rare birds and wild animals
marjory stoneman douglas
writer who worked to preserve the Everglades. She wrote the book, River of Grass
pollution
the act of contaminating or polluting
renewable resources
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind ext
non renewable resource
resource that can't be renewed
environment
the area in which something exists or lives
ice age
any period of time during which glaciers covered a large part of the earth's surface
glaciers
Thick sheets of ice
bering straight
seperates russia and the usa, it links the arctic ocean and the bering sea
migrate
move from one country or region to another and settle there
theory
a tentative theory about the natural world
artifact
an object made by someone in the past
archaeologist
an anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture
climograph
a graph that shows two kind of information about the climate of a place
cahokia
an ancient settlement of southern Indians, located near present day St. Louis, it served as a trading center for 40,000 at its peak in A.D. 1200.
ceremony
a formal event performed on a special occasion
four corners
a place where the states of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona all meet in one place
mesa
broad, flat-topped landform with steep sides; smaller than a plateau
mesa verde
a large village built into steep cliffs
drought
a long period without rain
nampeyo
1860-1942 pueblo women who worked to recreate the ANSAZI way of making pottery
civilization
a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
surplus
a quantity much larger than is needed
specialize
to do only one job
pyramid
a massive memorial with a square base and four triangular sides
valley of mexico
a fertile valley between two mountain chains in central Mexico
tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
empire
group ruled by one leader
tribute
a payment made by a weaker power to a stronger power to obtain an assurance of peace and security
slavery
the condition of being owned by another person and being made to work without wages
cuzco
The capital city of the Incan Empire, Located in present-day Peru
deganawidah
Traditional founder of the Iroquois confederation
hiawatha
Legendary founder of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy
tribe
group of families bound together under a single leadership
league
a group of people that works together for a common purpose
iroquois trail
Linked the lands of the League.
eastern woodlands cultural region
area in eastern North America that was home to many Native Americans
cultural region
an area in which a group of people share a similar culture and language
long house
large house built by Indians in which eight or ten families lived
wampum
n. Beads strung on threads, formerly used among the American Indians as currency.also given to people who have recently lost a loved one
reservations
areas of federal land set aside for American Indians
great plains
a mostly flat and grassy region of western north america
lodges
homes made of logs, earth and grass
tepees
pole-framed tents covered with skins, used by the Plains Indians
travois
made of two crossed poles pulled behind a horse for carrying loads
lame deer montana
an annual northern cheyenne where powwows are held
powwow
Native american ceremony that often includes traditional dancing and games
southwest desert cultural region
A mostly hot and arid area settled by different tribes. of natives
pueblo
house built by native americans
oraibi
oraibi is a village built on a mesa.
potlatch
a native american celebration meant to show wealth and divide property among the people
northwest coast cultural region
area in northwestern North America that was home to many Native Americans such as the Kwakiutl, Tlingit, and Nootka
vancouver island
an island off southwestern Canada (off the southwestern coast of British Columbia), Area where the Kwakiuti people lived.
totem pole
a tribal emblem consisting of a pillar carved and painted with totemic figures
shaman
A religious or mystical expert (male or female) who in FIRST NATIONS and INUIT societies undergoes initiation experiences in altered states of consciousness.
marco polo
Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
venice
the provincial capital of Veneto
shangdu
Trade city in China
kublai khan
Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China
silk road
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)
magnetic compass
device that shows which direction is north
zheng he
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.
sahara desert
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
caravan
a group of traders traveling together
ghana
the first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade
king phillip
wamponag leader
inca
built thousands of miles of roads
aztec
stone calender
montozuma
was the aztects emporor.
maya
a member of an American Indian people of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy
louisiana purchase
territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
louis and clark
Sent by Thomas Jefferson to Explore west of the Mississippi River (The Louisina Purchase)
jamestown
first permanent English settlement, located near the Chesapeake Bay
desert
place with little rain
mayflower compact
This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.
mayflower
the ship in which the Pilgrim Fathers sailed from England to Massachusetts in 1620
what is a common trait of plants that live in a desert ecosystem
they have a very little need for water
jungle
an impenetrable equatorial forest
what holds a cell in it's place
cell membrane
cell wall
a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell plants only have this
nucleous
large membrane-enclosed structure that contains the cell's gentic ,aterial in the form of DNA
hernando cortez
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
pizzaro
conquistador, 1533- conquered Incans, started trend of shipping gold and silver
cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
every living thing has
cells
chemical change
change that produces new substances
gravity
(physics) the force of attraction between all masses in the universe
the water cycle
the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to the ground by evaporation, condensation and precipitation
choloroplast
captures sunlight for energy and contains chlorophyll to give plants a green color
respiration
the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic moelcules
photosynthesis
process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
spores
reproductive cells that can develop into another organism without fusing with another cell.
seeds
structures that contain a young plant inside a protective covering
confiers
produce with pinecones, always imperfect, male and female cones