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GOVERNMENT CH.6&7 TEST ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS
Terms in this set (28)
describe two long-term trends that have characterized the history of suffrage in the United States
1). gradual elimination of voting restrictions
2). gradual expansion of government control over the states where voting is concerned
describe 5 distinct stages in the growth of the American electorate
1). religious qualifications disappeared
2). race&color no longer was a matter(15th amend.)
3). the sex of a person did not matter(19th amend.)
4). African Americans received a full voting role
5). minimum age was no higher than 18 yrs.
who exercises the franchise?
almost all citizens above 18
what restrictions does the Constitution place on the States in setting suffrage qualifications?
voters must be allowed to vote in all elections and can not be denied by race, sex, age, or any tax
for what reasons do most States require voter registration
to help prevent fraudulent voting
what is the Motor Voter Law? What is its purpose?
you can register by mail or when you renew your license. to make it easier
(a). why do election officials keep poll books?
(b). why is it a good idea to purge them every few years?
(a). to keep track of registered voters
(b). to keep them current because it eliminates any chance of somebody registering as someone who has died or moved away.
how was the poll tax used as a voting qualification
you were not allowed to vote unless you paid a special tax: therefore, only the wealthier people could vote
what is gerrymandering? What other devices were used to disenfranchise African Americans?
The drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group. Violence, poll taxes, social pressure, literacy test, and white primary
what part do injunctions play in the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
it encouraged injunctions which kept or limited people from doing something
what is preclearance? How can a State "bail out" of the preclearance provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965?
mandated by the voting rights act of 1965, the prior approval by the justice department of changes to or new election laws by certain states. By showing the U.S. District Court that they have not applied any voting procedures in a discriminatory way for at least 10 years
(a). identify the major civil rights laws enacted since 1950
(b). describe voting rights provisions in these laws.
(a). Civil Rights Act of 1957, 1960, 1964, and 1965
(b). 1957- set up the civil rights commission, 1960- gave us voting referees, 1964- outlawed discrimination and encouraged injunctions, and 1965- outlawed poll taxes and gave the voting rights that we have today and brought in preclearance
how does a persons sense of political efficacy affect his or her voting behavior?
high political efficacy means you believe your vote matters, and so you will vote, but if you have low political efficacy you feel that your vote doesn't matter and you probably wont vote
what is a gender gap?
a set of measurable differences between men and women voters
how are party identification and straight-ticket voting related?
because you are giving all your attention to one party which means you voted straight-ticket
list 3 sociological factors that affect voting behavior
income, occupation, race, education, gender, age, geography(know 3)
for what reasons is the making of nominations so important in the electoral process?
it narrows the field of candidates
explain the difference between a closed primary and an open primary?
closed- a party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote
open- a party nominating election in which any qualified voter can take place
what is a nonpartisan election?
election in which candidates are not identified by party labels
what is a caucus, and what events led to its demise as a method for nominating candidates
a group of like-minded people that meet to select candidates; the election of 1824 & the general spread of democracy
what is the purpose of absentee voting laws?
to allow disabled people or people that are sick or out of town to vote
how can the coattail effect influence election results?
it can make it to where a lesser know candidates can have a high chance of winning the election
what factor determines the location of each voters polling place?
Board of Electors or County electors
(a). what is a ballot
(b). what different forms does it take in the U.S.?
(a). the device voters use to register a choice in an election
(b). Australian, party-column, sample, bed-sheet, and office-group
what are political action committees(PACs)?
the extension of special-interest groups which have a major stake in public policy
(a). what is a subsidy
(b). at what level in the election process are campaign subsidies most important?
(a). a grant or gift of money usually from the government
(b). at the presidential level
how did soft money create a loophole in federal election-finance law?
because it was not limited and did not have to be reported, and political organizations found it easy to filter it in to political campaigns
how do soft money and hard money differ?
soft- is given to political organizations for "party building activities" like voter registration drives and does not have to be regulated
hard- is given to campaigns directly and must be regulated by the FEC.
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