Addition

1. If the signs are the same, add; and the sign stays the same.

2. If the signs are different, subtract; and take the sign of the larger number.

2. If the signs are different, subtract; and take the sign of the larger number.

Subtraction

1. If the signs are both positive, subtract; and the sign stays popsitive.

2. If the signs are different or both negative, change the sign of the second number; and add. You must then refer to the Addition Rules in #1.

2. If the signs are different or both negative, change the sign of the second number; and add. You must then refer to the Addition Rules in #1.

Multiplication

1. If the signs are the same, multiply; and the sign is positive.

2. If the signs are different, multiply; and the sign is negative.

2. If the signs are different, multiply; and the sign is negative.

Division

1. If the signs are the same, divide; and the sign is positive.

2. If the signs are different, divide; and the sign is negative.

2. If the signs are different, divide; and the sign is negative.